Descriptions of Allah
The Qur’an, however, attributes to Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) certain descriptions, such as:
The Most Gracious is firmly established on the throne. (20:5)
Everything will perish except His Face. (28:88)
What is worn under my eye. (20:29)
The hand of Allah is above their hands. (48:10)
The heavens are rolled in his right hand. (39:67)
The one that I created with two hands. (38:75)
And similar. How can we understand these descriptions? Allah does (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) have organs similar to ours? These and other verses of the Koran are part of what is called the allegorical verses in the holy book, the true meaning of which only Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) knows. This is referred to in the following verse:
And ‘He who sent down upon you the book, in it are verses of the same meaning as defined, are the basis of the book, while others are allegorical. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow what is allegorical seeking discord and in it the attempt to interpolate it. But no one knows its true interpretation except Allah. Those who are firmly rooted in knowledge say: We believe in it, each one is from our Lord. No one will remember except that they are right. (3:7)
Based on this verse and following the injunctions of the Prophet Muhammad SAW Early scholars including the leaders of the four main schools of thought took the attitude the next. They said: we believe in these descriptions of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) but leaves the knowledge of their Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala). We should refrain from interpreting them on the lines of similar descriptions given to human beings, simply because this is how Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him warned us. Think of the creation of Allah and never think of Allah, for you will never appreciate it as it deserves (6) Muslim scholars also said that whatever we think of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), he is totally different from that we think of him. In Sahih Muslim Abu Hurairah said, people will continue to discuss and dispute until it says: This is the creation of Allah who created Allah? Who is to say something like: I believe in Allah (7) glorify Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) from the description could be imagined that in mind .. This is because it is impossible for Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to be similar to mortals. Commenting on the verse which says:
The Most Gracious is firmly established on the throne. (20:5)
Ummu Salama, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad said: You can not imagine how, but the institution does not know God on the throne, faith asks us to accept without question to deny borders on disbelief. The same attitude is adopted by early scholars such as Imam Malik and many others. Prominent scholars today have the same conviction. Another group of scholars, however, tend to interpret these divine attributes in such a way that becomes the glory of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), although caution you to take them literally be equivalent to human qualities. One example of their approach is their interpretation of chapter 38 verse 75, where they got the two hands of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) alone for confirmation and care to affirm Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) ‘s of his servant Adam.
In addition to the above two approaches, the nearest of which is the first of the Islamic faith, even if it is not excluded, there were some perverse attitudes influenced by alien philosophies, such as Greek philosophy and others. One said that all these descriptions are identical to those of humans. Another group gave descriptions of God Incarnate (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), while a third group went from one extreme to another, and has denied any description of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala). These groups were killed at birth, and the only ones who have remained in existence are the first two that are very close to each other. The Quran gives us a definitive answer, when you say about Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala):
Nothing is like Him and He is the Hearer, Seer. (42:11)
Based on this verse we can safely confirm these descriptions, but do not compare them with everybody else. Instead we believe in them and accept them as they are.
Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) does not perish:
Every soul will taste of death, and will be paid the wages, the Day of Judgement. Who is removed from the fire and is made to enter paradise, he is really triumphant, and the life of the world is but comfort of illusion. (3:185)
One God in heaven and earth:
And He is the one who is in heaven is God, the God on earth, and he is the Wise, the Knowing. And blessed is he to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and what is between them and with him is the knowledge of the moment, and he will be returned. And those whom they invoke instead of him holding no power of intercession, save that testify to the truth in a state of knowledge. If you ask them who created them, which will surely say: Allah. How then are they turned away? (43:84-88)
Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) is the only Lord of all:
The Lord of the East and West, there is no God save him. So the only choice for your defense. (73:9)
A concluding verse of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) is towards the end of chapter two, which says:
To Allah belongs all that is in heaven and everything on earth, and if you reveal what is in yourselves or conceal it Allah will demand an account of it. He forgives whoever He wills and punish whom He pleases and Allah is capable of all things. The messenger (Muhammad) believes in what has been revealed by his Lord and so did the believers. Each believes in Allah, His angels, His books and His messengers, and they say we have heard and we obeyed. Your forgiveness, our Lord. To you is the path. Duties of Allah not the soul beyond its capacity. Because that’s what he earned, and against it is that he committed. Our Lord! Do not condemn us if you forget or make mistakes. Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden as you did lay on those before us. Our Lord! Impose not on us that we do not have the strength to endure. And pardon us, forgive and have mercy. You are our protector. So, grant us victory over the unbelievers. (2:284-286)
The 99 attributes:
Prophet Muhammad SAW. He said:. “Allah has 99 names, 100 minus one, whoever counts them shall enter heaven” (8) The Quran also confirms this fact:
To Allah belong the most beautiful attributes, turn to him through them, and leave the company of those who blaspheme His name. Will be compensated for what they have to do. (7:180)
Allah, there is no god besides Him, His are the most beautiful names. (20:08)
So, according to these statements and verses from the Quran which are the 99 names of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala)? They are mentioned in the Quran. We have already mentioned the greatest verse in the Koran the divine call of the chair to 2:255. At times the Quran mentions a number of these divine names together. Sometimes a couple of them a few verses of the Koran and conclude this happens very often in the holy book. Numerous verses end with two attributes of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) that are appropriate to the context and theme of ways. If the context is one that enhances the power and wisdom of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), then the conclusion is so: and the mighty, the wise. If the verse speaks of forgiveness and mercy, then the conclusion is so: that forgives all, the merciful, and so on and so forth. Most of the time in many ways ended with two attributes, and very rarely with one.
Before reading the 99 names or attributes of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) mention a few verses that mention various divine names. In Chapter 59 we read:
He is Allah, of which there is no God, the Knower of the invisible and visible. He is the Compassionate, the Merciful. He is Allah, of which there is no God, the Lord God, the Holy One, Peace, the Keeper of the Faith, the Guardian, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb. Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner (for him). He is Allah the Creator, the Evolver, the creator. His are the most beautiful names;. He is the Mighty, the Wise (59:22-24)
Now that we have examined some divine attributes, we try to enumerate the 99 names that anyone who believes in them and count them will enter paradise.
Allah is: the Compassionate, the Merciful, the Sovereign, the Holy, the Source of Peace, the Guardian of Faith, the overwhelming, the Mighty, the Irresistible, the Supreme Being, the Creator, the Evolver, the architect, the Forgiving, the tamer, the Grantor, awards, the Provider, the Omniscient Judge, the All-Knowing, Withholder, extension, Abaser, elevates the Honourer the Humiliator, the Hearer, the Seer, the Arbiter, the justice, beyond all understanding, the All-Aware, most Forebearing, the Glorious, the oft-forgiving, grateful, the High Mot, the largest, the Guardian, the Savior, the owner of the accounts carefully, the Majestic, the Generous, the Watcher, the Rresponder, the All-Eembracing, the Wise, the most loving, the owner of the Gloria, the Resurrector, the Witness, the Truth, the most reliable one, the Mighty, the Steadfast, Patron, the Praiseworthy, the Keeper of all statistics, the beginners of Creation, the Restorer of life, the Giver of life, the Causer of death, the ever-living, the Self-Subsisting, the founder of the Deserver All Praise and honor the One, the Eternal Absolute, the degree, the Almighty, the shipper, the Giver of respite, the First, the Last, the Manifest, the Unseen, the Protector, the most eminent , the source of all good, Acceptor of Repentance, The Punisher, the Pardoner, the kindest, the owner of the ‘Universe, the Lord of Majesty, Bounty and Honour, the Right, the producer, the self sufficient, the Giver of wealth, Preventer, the Harmer, the Giver of profit, the Light, the Guide, the Orginator, the LORD, the Heir, the most upright, the most patient.
These are the big names divine agreed by many scholars according to the Koran. It is not enough, however, to enter paradise only to count the 99 divine attributes mentioned above, but you have to believe in their seriousness and to manifest his faith in pious deeds. So it’s not just in their own words, but rather the sincere commitment to these attributes that brings salvation and bliss.
There are other names of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), some counted more than 200 scholars as Imam al-Qurtubi says in his interpretation of the Qur’an Volume 7 page 325. You may notice some similarities in names, or can even say that there is repetition between them. This is not the case. It’s just the difficulty of translating their meanings that could give this false impression.
I remember once an argument between a Muslim scholar and a Christian priest. The latter thought that took something against Islam, when he said: you hit us for saying that God is a trinity, as they have 99 of. The Muslim scholar laughed and then said: Do not confuse between attributes or names of one god, and the trinity is three persons. These attributes describe the one God, in his capacity, quality and action. They all refer to the same God, the one divine being.
Some people perverted evolved some so-called miracles around number 19. They said that is composed of two simple numbers, ie the first number 1 which is simple. So they claim that refers to God to be the first and the last number 9 which is simple, so they think it refers to God as the last. On the basis of these statements have said that this number refers to Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), the first and last and then claim that the Koran is the foundation. They then took a step further and said that the first verse of the Koran that occurs at the beginning of each chapter of the holy book that is to say, in the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful consists of 19 Arabic letters. Then they started to draw conclusions without foundation. They also reached the extreme and said that the Day of Judgement will take place after more than 250 years or so, and their leaders eventually declared himself a messenger of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala)! The bottom line is that the whole theory falls to ashes when we confirm that the verse on which said their theory is, in fact, 21 letters and 19. The Koran or God, for that matter, has no need of these unsubstantiated claims. And ‘enough for the believers and his book of the Koran, is presented without the need for further theories.
God is not Muhammad
Some non-Muslim writers call Muslims Mohammedans and Islam as an analogy of Christianity Muhammadanism named after Jesus Christ, Buddhism after Buddha and so called Muslims do not worship Muhammad or any other. Their only god is Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) god. Muhammad was nothing but the shipping agent of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) ‘s message. The most honorable title given to Muhammad in the Quran is that he is the slave and messenger of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) Almighty. He himself has warned his followers not to raise him above his human status. He said:. Just say I’m the slave and messenger of Allah (9)
Another important bias should be clear is the claim that the Koran is the word of Muhammad. Again and again, the Koran states that it is the revelation of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala). The Quran says:
And if he (Muhammad) had invented false words about us, we certainly took the right hand. We would have severed the artery and then life (69:44-46)
About the Quran says the same holy book:
And ‘the revelation of the Lord of the Worlds;. The Spirit descended with it honest to your heart (Muhammad), so you can be one of Warner, in a clear Arabic language (29:192-195)
Muhammad SAW It was not the first but the last messenger of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala). A series of prophets before him have been sent by Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to different people at different times to transmit the same message of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala). The problem is that some people do not understand the position of the prophets. While these individuals were self appointed prophets, who claimed descent were chosen by God but Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) based on their piety and righteous deeds. And like all previous messages have been changed or lost, Muhammad, praised, was sent by Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) with the last message to the world. He is the last messenger, simply because his message is the culmination and completion of all previous messages. That is why Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) preserved the Qur’an. The sacred book of Muslims today is exactly the same book revealed to Muhammad peace be upon him more than fourteen centuries ago. So why should we have another message or another prophet?
Finally, it is so that Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) is described in the Koran the word of Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) all worlds. It ‘time to listen to Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala) and believe in his word that shows us the way to him and his salvation. This booklet is an attempt to drive people right mindset to Allah (subhanahu wa Ta’ala), the only Lord Almighty.