It ‘a known fact that every language has one or more terms that are used in reference to God and sometimes to lesser deities. This is not the case with Allah. Allah is the personal name of the one true God Nothing else can be called Allah. The term has no plural or gender. This shows its uniqueness in relation to god word that can be made plural, gods, or feminine, goddess. And ‘interesting to note that Allah is the personal name of God in Aramaic, the language of Jesus and a sister language of Arabic.
The one true God is a reflection of the unique concept that Islam associates with God for a Muslim, Allah is the Almighty Creator and Sustainer of the universe, which is similar to nothing and nothing compares to him. The Prophet Muhammad was asked by his contemporaries about Allah, the answer came directly from God Himself in the form of a short chapter of the Koran, which is considered the essence of the unity or the motto of monotheism. This is chapter 112 which reads:
“In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.
Say (O Muhammad) He is God the One God, the Everlasting Refuge, who has not begotten, nor is he begotten, and equal to Him is not anyone. ”
Some non-Muslims claim that God in Islam is a stern and cruel God who demands to be obeyed completely. It is not loving and kind. Nothing could be further from the truth of this statement. And ‘Just know that, with the exception of one, each of the 114 chapters of the Quran begins with the verse: “In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.” In one of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) we are told that “God is more loving and kind of a mother to her baby dear.”
But God is also Just. Hence evildoers and sinners must have their share of punishment and the virtuous, his gifts and favors. In fact, the attribute of Mercy has full manifestation in His attribute of Justice. People suffering throughout their lives for Him and the people who oppress and exploit others for life should not receive similar treatment from their Lord. Expect similar treatment for them will amount to denying the very belief in the responsibility of man in the Hereafter and thereby negating all the incentives for a moral and virtuous life in this world. The following Quranic verses are very clear and direct in this regard:
“Indeed, for the Righteous are gardens of Delight, in the presence of their Lord. Shall We then treat the people of faith as people of sin? What’s wrong? What do you think?” (68:34-36)
Islam rejects characterizing God in any human form or depicting him as favoring certain individuals or nations on the basis of wealth, power or race. He created human beings as equals. They may distinguish themselves and get His favor through virtue and piety only.
The concept that God rested on the seventh day of creation, that God wrestled with one of his soldiers, that God is an envious plotter against mankind, or that God is incarnate in every human being is considered blasphemy from the Islamic point of view .
The exclusive use of Allah as the personal name of God is a reflection of Islam’s emphasis on the purity of faith in God that is the essence of the message of all messengers of God Because of this, Islam considers the ‘ Association of any deity or personality with God as a mortal sin, that God will never forgive, despite the fact He may forgive all other sins.
[Note that what is meant above applies only to persons who die in a state in which you associate others with God the repentance of those who are still living is pleasing to God if he wants. – MSA of USC]
The Creator must be of a different nature from created things, because if it is of the same nature as they are, he will be temporal and will therefore need a maker. It follows that there is nothing like him. If the producer is not temporal, then it must be eternal. But if it is eternal, cannot be caused, and if it brings anything except to continue to exist, which means it must be self-sufficient. And if anything does not depend on the continuation of its existence, then this existence can have no end. The Creator is therefore eternal and everlasting: “He is the First and the Last.”
He is self-sufficient or self-subsistent or, to borrow a phrase from the Koran, Al-Qayyum. The Creator does not create only in the sense of bringing things into being, it also preserves them and takes them out of existence and is the ultimate cause of everything that happens to them.
“God is the Creator of all things. He is the guardian over everything. To Him belong the keys of heaven and earth”. (39:62, 63)
“No creature is there crawling on the earth but its provision rests on God. Knows his accommodation and repositories.” (11:6)
The attributes of God
If the Creator is eternal and forever, then His attributes must also be eternal and everlasting. He should not lose any of his attributes nor acquire new ones. If so, then His attributes are absolute. There may be more than one Creator with such absolute attributes? There may be, for example, two absolutely powerful Creators? A moment’s reflection shows that this is not possible.
The Qur’an summarizes the argument in the following verses:
“God did not take him any child, nor is there any god with Him: For then each god would have taken what he created and some of them were raised on the other.” (23:91)
And why were the gods in heaven and earth apart from God, they (heaven and earth) would surely go broke. “(21:22)
The Oneness of God
The Qur’an reminds us of the falsity of all alleged. For the worshipers of artificial objects, he asks:
“You worship what you’ve carved?” (37:95)
“Either you get it to you other than Him to be your protectors, even such as have no power for good or harm to themselves?” (13:16)
For the worshipers of celestial bodies that cites the story of Abraham:
“When the night wide open on him, he saw a star and said: ‘This is my Lord’. But when it set he said: ‘I do not like the setters’. When he saw the moon rising, he said: ‘This is my Lord’. But when it set he said: ‘If my Lord guide me I shall surely be of the people gone astray.’ When he saw the sun rise, he said: ‘This is my Lord. This is more’ But when it set he said, ‘O my people, surely I quit that which you associate, I turned my face to Him who originated the heavens and the earth. A man of pure faith, not of the idolaters’ “(6:76-79)
The believer Attitude
To be a Muslim, that is, to surrender themselves to God, you must believe in the oneness of God, in the sense of its being the only Creator, Preserver, nurse, etc. But this belief – later called “Tawhid Ar-Ruboobiyyah” – is not enough. Many of the idolaters knew and believed that only the Supreme God could do all this, but this was not enough to make them Muslims. To tawhid ar-Ruboobiyyah must add tawhid al’uluhiyyah, ie, it recognizes the fact that it is only God who deserves to be worshiped, and therefore refrains from worshiping any other thing or being.
Having achieved this knowledge of the one true God, man should constantly have faith in Him, and should allow nothing to induce him to deny the truth.
When faith enters a person’s heart, causes certain mental states that result in certain actions. Taken together these mental states and actions are evidence for the true faith. The Prophet said: “Faith is that which resides firmly in the heart and which is proved by the facts.” First of mental states is the feeling of gratitude to God that can be said to be the essence of ‘Ibadan’ (worship).
The feeling of gratitude is so important that a non-believer is called ‘kafir’ which means ‘one who denies a truth’ and also ‘one who is ungrateful.’
A believer loves, and is grateful to God for the gifts He has given of him, but be aware that his good deeds, whether mental or physical, are far from being commensurate with Divine favors, because God is always eager should punish him, here or hereafter. He, therefore, the fears, abandon themselves to Him and serves Him with great humility. You can not be in a mental state without being almost all the time remembering God Remembering God is thus the life force of faith, without which it fades and vanishes.
The Quran tries to promote this feeling of gratitude by repeating the attributes of God very frequently. We find most of these attributes mentioned together in the following verses of the Quran:
“He is God, there is no god but He, He is the Knower of the invisible and visible, He is the Most Gracious, Most Merciful He is God, there is no God, but He is the King ., the All Holy, the All-Peace, the Guardian of Faith, the All-conservative, the Almighty, the All-Compeller, the All-Sublime. Glory to God above that He is associate is God. the Creator, the Creator, the Shaper To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names All that is in the heavens and the earth is exalted;. He is the Almighty, the Wise. ” (59:22-24)
“There is no god but He, the Living, the Eternal Slumber seizes Him not, neither sleep;. To Him belongs all that is in heaven and on earth who is there that he must intercede with Him except by His permission He knows.? what is before them and what is after them, and they do not understand anything of His knowledge save such as He wants His throne comprises the heavens and the earth. the preservation of oppressing them, but he, He is the All-High, the All-Glorious. ” (2:255)
“People of the Book, do not go beyond the limits in your religion and not to God as they say, but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only the Messenger of God, and His Word which He committed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him So believe in God and His messengers, and say, ‘Three’. Refrain, it is better for you God is one God, Glory be to Him – (E ‘) above having a son ” … (4:171)