Ad-Dajjal should correspond to the False Prophet
Ad-Dajjal should correspond to the False Prophet
Another proposal for correspondence between the Muslim End Times Hadith and the Bible is to equate with ad-Dajjal the False Prophet is described in the Bible. The characteristics of ad-Dajjal hadith are as described in the article, The Antichrist in Islam (Ad-Dajjal). The biblical passage that deals with the Second Beast or False Prophet of Revelation 13:11-18.
Then I saw another beast, coming out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon. He exercised all the authority of the first beast on his behalf, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. And he performed great signs and miracles, even causing fire to come down from heaven to earth in full view of men. Because of the signs has been given the power to do on behalf of the first beast, he deceived the inhabitants of the earth. He ordered them to create an image in honor of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. He was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that he could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image of being killed. He also forced everyone, small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark in their right hand or forehead, so that no man might buy or sell unless he had the mark, which is the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Here is wisdom. If anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is man’s number. His number is 666.
Ad-Dajjal is seen as the epitome of all that oppose Allah and Islam. So, he is seen as the leader of the infidels.
At first glance, there seems to be interesting parallels between the ad-Dajjal and the False Prophet. Both are described as beasts, and the fact that the False Prophet is described having two horns invokes popular imaginary demons (actually we do not know if demons have horns), and may be applicable to ad-Dajjal as well. Both are also described to perform miracles and deceive the people to worship a false god.
However, as the saying goes, “the devil is in the details”. We need to examine the data carefully to determine if we identify a right or not. Will not go into all the little differences, but focus on some of the most important problems.
The first problem we see is that the False Prophet in the Bible is subject to the Beast is described in Revelation 13:1-10. In Islam, however, ad-Dajjal is the epitome of rebellion against the officials of Allah, namely al-Mahdi and Isa. If ad-Dajjal plays second fiddle to another person, which is the other person? And if there is another person that should not be the other person ad-Dajjal? In fact, we have not seen the hadiths that portray ad-Dajjal as subordinate to another person.
Perhaps, someone could say that the first beast is Satan himself, who seems logical at first sight. However, we read in Revelation 16:13-14:
Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs came out of the mouth of the dragon, the beast’s mouth and the mouth of the false prophet. They are spirits of demons performing miracles, ranging from king of the world, to gather them for battle on the great day of God Almighty.
We see three distinct personalities mentioned here: the dragon symbolizes Satan, the beast symbolizes the Antichrist and the False Prophet. Therefore, the Antichrist is not Satan himself, but is a separate entity. If the False Prophet is tantamount to ad-Dajjal, then who is the first Beast correspond to Islam?
Some may say it is the first beast, Antichrist system in rebellion against Allah. However, if the first beast symbolizes a rebel in Revelation 13:1-10, then why the second beast in Revelation 13:11-18 symbolize a person, instead? The fact that both are mentioned in the same chapter using the same kind of imaginary clearly implies that they are of the same type. If one is a system, it should not impose coherence beasts of systems? Even if they are different, because ad-Dajjal Antichrist be subject to the system? It should not be the system defined by the leader who has established, that is, the system should be subordinated to the person?
Moreover, the fact that the Bible refers to “the beast was captured and with him the false prophet” (Revelation 19:20) forces us to conclude that both animals are people.
Secondly, as the hadith says that ad-Dajjal can travel around the world, chaos, wreck and deceive people, ad-Dajjal as a leader of some Jews of Isfahan is a point that is repeatedly stressed in the hadiths. The number of Jewish followers is listed as 70,000, plus an unknown number of women. This is of course a not very large compared to the entire Jewish population, let alone any significant part of the world population.
However, this flies against the description of the Bible regarding the Antichrist and the False Prophet. The Bible says that “the whole world was astonished and followed the beast” (Revelation 13:3) and “and he was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation. All the inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast” (Revelation 13 :7-8). The Bible has the following to say on the False Prophet: he “made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast” (Revelation 13:12) and “deceived the inhabitants of the earth” (Revelation 13:14).
The scope of authority of the Antichrist and the False Prophet and his assistant is very much larger than what the hadiths say ad-Dajjal.
Thirdly, the Muslims say that ad-Dajjal will claim to be God (we have yet to find a hadith which states explicitly that). This flies back against the explicit statement of the Bible, which says that “made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast” (Revelation 13:12). In other words, the False Prophet directed worship to himself. He heads for the Antichrist and Satan (Revelation 13:4)! This is also the place where another problem surfaces when the first beast is the Antichrist system. How do you worship (the word used means worship) a system?
Fourth, we also see that the False Prophet will be a persecutor of the saints of the Bible, the Jews and Christians (Revelation 13:8,10). Yet, we are told that to-Dajjal is a leader of the Jews.
In the Bible, the False Prophet is the one who established the “Mark of the Beast” so that only those who have this label (for example, their followers) will be allowed to buy or sell. In Islam, a beast will appear from the ground that mark people so that they light up the faces of Muslims and those of non-Muslims will go black. If Ad-Dajjal is the False Prophet, then what about the beast that seems to mark the faces of men?
Finally, the False Prophet and the Antichrist is cast into the lake of fire, followed by the millennial reign of Jesus Christ (Revelation 19:20-21, 20:4). According to the hadith, ad-Dajjal will be killed by Isa, who then reigns for a few decades after the death of al-Mahdi, Isa and then die. In the Bible, the False Prophet’s death marks the end of the world as we know it. Islam, however, teaches that the world is still there after the death of ad-Dajjal, and will eventually die some time after Isa.
The comparisons are summarized in the following table:
|Hierarchy||Leader of infidels against Allah. Not subordinate to any one||Subordinate to Antichrist and assistant to him. Antichrist is the global leader of non-believers|
|Role||Opposes Allah and Muslims||Opposes God of the Bible, Jews and Christians|
|Rule||Leader of 70,000 Jews||Assistant Leader of the World|
|Worship||Muslims say he will claim to be God (?)||Does not claim worship. Instead directs people to worship Satan and Antichrist|
|Length||40 “days” (actually about 14 months)||No more than seven years|
|Ministry||Leader of world havoc||Implements global religion for Antichrist.|
|Ministry||Perscutes Muslims||Persecutes Jews and Christians|
|Miracles||Performs miracles||Performs miracles|
|Mark of the Beast||Nothing to do with ad-Dajjal. A separate beast appears to mark the Muslims and non-Muslims||Instituted by False Prophet. Will force everyone to take this mark in order to buy and sell|
|His death||Killed by Isa. Isa reigns for a few decades after al-Mahdi’s death||Thrown into the fiery lake. Jesus Christ reigns for a thousand years.|
We have examined the proposal that the False Prophet may correspond to ad-Dajjal and found this argument fails. It contradicts established hadith too many and does not do justice to the biblical passages dealing with the False Prophet. The thesis introduces too many contradictions in the equation, resulting in more problems than solutions. Fails the basic test of consistency. In our opinion, this thesis is based on gross misunderstandings and has no support.