Lessons from the Battle of Badr

Lessons from the Battle of Badr

Fellow Muslim brother …
Let us do a flashback moment to the events in the blessed month of Ramadan this. We hoped by studying and observing these events, we can get a lot of wisdom and valuable lessons for our daily lives. Two years after our beloved Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam emigrated to the medina, to coincide with this glorious month of Ramadan, there was a great event but often forgotten Muslims. These events are the battle of Badr.

Known as a major event, since the battle of Badr is an early event in the large capacity of weapons carried out between defenders of Islam and the enemies of Islam. Because of this great event, The Day God Called the occurrence of an event by Yaum Al-Furqan

(day difference) because at that time, God, the One who lowers the Islamic Shari’a, would distinguish between the Truth with falsehood. That was when God took the degree of truth with a limited amount of power and strength degrading sleaze although the number of 3-fold. Allah sent down a big help for the Muslims and their win over the enemies of Islam.

It is unfortunate, many of the Muslims in our neglect of this historic event. In fact, by reading these events, we can recall the history of the Companions who desperately fighting for Islam, with it, we could feel the beauty of this religion.

Before you continue writing, we take the goal posts are not reminded to invite you to hold a commemoration of war full moon, so the paper does not peel the side of history, because it can be obtained by reference to the history books. This paper is just trying to invite readers to contemplate ibrah and valuable lessons on the history behind the pieces of the battle of Badr.

Background Battle

Once upon a time there was news among the Muslims of Medina that Abu Sufyan along caravan trade, was about to go home from Syria to Mecca. Easy and the nearest road to travel Sham Medina to Mecca must pass through. Valuable opportunity is exploited by the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and his companions to seize their merchandise. Their property to be halal for Muslims. Why is that? Did not wealth and blood of innocent unbelievers it is unlawful?

There are at least two reasons that cause property pagans of Quraysh was lawful for the Companions:

1. The pagans of Quraish infidels harbi status is, ie the disbelievers who openly wage war against the Muslims, the Muslims expelled from their homeland in Mecca, and forbade Muslims to use their own property.
2. No peace treaty between the Muslims and the pagans of Quraish who fight the Muslims.

For this reason, they are entitled to withdraw the property they have lived and seize property idolaters.

Furthermore, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam set out with three hundred and thirteen companions of so many. Historians disagree in determining the number of troops of the Muslims in the Battle of Badr. Some say 313, 317, and a few other opinions. Therefore, we should not exaggerate in addressing this figure, so that the numbers serve as an idol or a sacred number, sort by LDII that makes the numbers 313 as sacred figures of their organizations with the assumption that it is the number of Badr forces.

Among the three hundred dozen troops, there were two horses and 70 camel riders who ride them interchangeably. 70 people among the Emigrants and the rest of the Ansar.

While on the other hand, the disbelievers of Quraysh when he heard the news that the caravan of Abu Sufyan asked for help, with a sudden they prepare their forces, 1,000 personnel, 600 armor, 100 horses and 700 camels, and with a full arsenal. Departing with great pride and show of force under the leadership of Abu Jahl.

God Wills Other

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, with his companions out of Madinah, hoping to block the caravan of Abu Sufyan. Seize their property as compensation to the inheritance of the muhajirin in Mecca. However, they worried it could be that they actually met the troops of war. Therefore, the weapons that brought the Companions not as complete weapons during the war. However, God wills the other. God ordained the order of a small army of monotheism is to meet with troops shirk. God wanted to show the greatness of his religion, degrading shirk. Allah describes their stories in His Word:

وإذ يعدكم الله إحدى الطائفتين أنها لكم وتودون أن غير ذات الشوكة تكون لكم ويريد الله أن يحق الحق بكلماته ويقطع دابر الكافرين

“And (remember) when Allah promised you that one of the two parties (you face) is for you, while you want the which has no power weapons who you (you are facing, pent. Namely caravans), and God wants to justify the right with his verses and destroy the disbelievers. “(Surat al-Anfal: 7)

Thus the image of pious people. Hope the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and his companions did not materialize. They want the treasure caravan, but they get exactly the troops ready for war. This fact provides important lessons in Aqeedah problem that not all the desired pious person is always granted by God. Allah has power over all things, nothing is able to control the will of God. Keshalehan as good as any person, any high level person chaplain was not able to change what God wants.

Forces of Satan Arrogance

When Abu Sufyan had escaped from the pursuing army of the Muslims, he immediately sent a letter to the troops of Mecca about himself and requested that news of Mecca troops back home. However, with the arrogant, gang kingpin shirk troops are reluctant to accept this offer. Instead, he said,

“By Allah, we will not return until we arrived at Badr. We will stay there three days, slaughter camels, binge eating, drinking The wine, listening to the people sang the song girl Arabia knows us and always afraid of us … ”

Describe their arrogance is God in His Word,

ولا تكونوا كالذين خرجوا من ديارهم بطرا ورئاء الناس ويصدون عن سبيل الله والله بما يعملون محيط

“And do not be like those who came out of the village with a sense of pride and with the intention of riya’ ‘to men and hinder (men) from Allah’s way. And (knowledge) of Allah encompasses what they do … “(Surat al-Anfal: 47)

They do not realize that what they are doing it under God’s arrangement, because it is covered by their arrogance. They do not realize that God’s power turn things around them. That picture of demon armies, very far from the humility to the Almighty.

No unmatched loyalty

When the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam feel confident that that will be encountered are the forces of war and not a caravan, he began to worry and worry about the determination and spirit companions. He realized that his troops would face far greater strength than the strength of his troops that lead. Therefore, do not be surprised if there is some companions who are heavy with the departure of the troops towards Badr. Allah describes their condition in a word,

كما أخرجك ربك من بيتك بالحق وإن فريقا من المؤمنين لكارهون

“As the Lord told you to go from your house with the truth, when in fact most of those who believe it’s not like it.” (Surat al-Anfal: 5)

Meanwhile, the commander of immigrants, such as Abu Bakr and Umar ibn Al-Khattab did not loosen, and better move on. However, this has not been deemed sufficient by the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. He still wants concrete proof of loyalty from the other Companions. Finally, to eliminate the anxiety, he conferred with his companions, asking them to determine the attitude certainty are two options: (1) continue the war whatever the circumstances, or (2) back to the medina.

Come Al Miqdad ibn ‘Amr and said, “O Messenger of God, go ahead according to what Allah has commanded to you. We will be with you. By Allah, we will not say as word of the Children of Israel to Moses: ‘Go on ye, O Moses and Wed-mu (God) and fight you two, we’ll sit here alone. [1] ‘”Then Al Miqdad continues:” But you are together you go Sat (God), then fight you both, and we’ll go to battle with you two. For the Essence of What sent you with truth, if you are going to take us into the dark bottom of the well, we too are ready to fight with you until you can reach that place. ”

Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam gave a good commentary on the words of Al Miqdad and pray for her kindness. Next, go Sa’ad ibn Muadh radi ‘anhu, commander of the Ansar.

Sa’ad said, “We have faith in you. We have confirmed you. Suppose you were with us unobstructed ocean and then you plunge into the ocean, we’ll jump with you …. “Sa’ad radi ‘anhu also said,” Perhaps you’re concerned, lest the Ansar would not help you except in the township they (Medina). Surely I speak and give answers to the name of the Ansar. Therefore, go as you wish …. ”

In-Touch Angle Night Life …

At night, the night of Friday 17 Ramadan 2 AH, the Prophet of Allah Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam more established prayer near the trees. While Allah revealed drowsiness to the Muslims as a balm for them to rest. While the Pagans, on the other in a state of anxiety. Reduce the fear of God to them. As He always prayed a prayer to God. Request for help and help from Him. Among the prayers were read the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is repeated,

“… O Allah, if you wished (the disbelievers win), you will not be worshiped. O Allah, if this small force destroyed thee this day, thou wilt not worship … .. ”

He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam repeating this until the prayer shawl he felt because the length of praying, then came to Abu Bakr As Siddiq radi’ anhu put a scarf she had dropped while hugging him … “Enough, enough, O Messenger of Allah …”

About this story, immortalized in the Word of God,

إذ يوحي ربك إلى الملائكة أني معكم فثبتوا الذين آمنوا سألقي في قلوب الذين كفروا الرعب فاضربوا فوق الأعناق واضربوا منهم كل بنان (12) ذلك بأنهم شاقوا الله ورسوله ومن يشاقق الله ورسوله فإن الله شديد العقاب (13)

“Remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels:” Verily I am with you, then be confirmed (establishment of) those who believe “. I will cast terror into the hearts of the unbelievers, then cut their heads and pancunglah every fingertip of them. (Provisions) so it is because they oppose Allah and His Messenger, and whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger, then surely Allah is severe in punishment. “(Surat al-Anfal: 12-13)

Evidence of miracles He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam

After his companions set up rows of soldiers, then he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam to walk in the battle of two armies. Then he berisyarat, “This is where the killing of so and so, it places the death of so and so, there where the killing of so and so ….”

None of the disbelievers who he called his name, but died right where it is hinted he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

Burning embers Wars Begin

Who first sparked the war is Al-Aswad Al Makhzumi, a depraved bad mannered and rude. He was out of line with a challenging unbelievers. His arrival was greeted by Hamzah bin Abdul Muthallib radi ‘anhu. After facing each other, Hamzah radi ‘anhu immediately snatch the sword up to the foot of Al Aswad Al Makhzumi broken. After that, Al Aswad crawled to the pool and plunged in it. Then Hamza menyabetkan once again when he was in the pool. This is the first victim of Badr which sparked the war.

Furthermore, there are three horsemen of the Mushrikeen reliable. All three come from one family. Syaibah bin Rabi’a, Utbah bin Rabi’a, and his son Al-Walid bin Utbah. The arrival of three young men they met Ansar, ie Awf bin Harith, Mu’awwidz bin Harith, and Abdullah bin Rawahah. However, the three unbelievers are refusing to fight a duel with three-Ansar, and they ask people prominent among the immigrants. Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ordered Ali, Hamzah, and Ubaidah ibn Harith to move forward. Ubaidah dealing with Al-Walid, Ali faced with Syaibah, and Hamzah faced with Utbah. For Ali and Hamza, no difficulty facing his enemies. As with the Ubaydah. Each attack each other, to each injured. Then the opponent Ubaidah killed by Ali radi ‘anhu. Top peritiwa this, immortalized in the Word of God,

هذان خصمان اختصموا في ربهم

“These two classes (class believers and unbelievers groups) are fighting, they fight each other about their Lord (Allah) …” (Surat al-Hajj: 19)

Next, visit the two armies. The battle ensued between defense-Tawheed and Shirk defenders. They fight because of differences in religious principle, not because of world conquest. Meanwhile, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was in his tent, gave the command to the troops. And Sa’ad ibn Abu Bakr radi Muadh ‘anhuma charge of guarding him. It never broke, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam constantly chanting prayers and pleading for help and relief to God. Sometimes he was out of the tent and said, “Forces (Quraysh) will be defeated and bent backwards …”

He also always give motivation to their companions to fight. He said, “By God, not someone fighting them today, then he was killed with patience and hope for reward, and go forward and never retreat, surely God will put it into heaven.”

Suddenly there stood Umair bin Al-Ansari Al Himam carrying some dates to eat, he asked, “O Allah, what is paradise as wide breadth of the heavens and the earth?” The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam replied, “Yes.” Then Umair said: ” Bakh Bakh … … (shocked expression). O Messenger of God, between me and I get to heaven is when they kill me. By Allah, if I live to eat dates before, this really is the age that is too long. Then he threw kurmanya, and plunge into the battlefield until killed. ”

In another occasion, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam took a handful of sand and threw it into the enemy ranks. So that none of the unbelievers except his eyes filled with sand. They were busy with their own eyes, as a sign of the will of the Essence miracle He ruler of the universe.

The strong influence of Friends Close In Life

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam forbade to kill Abul Bakhtari. Because when in Mecca, he often protects the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and who have the initiative to abort boycott the Banu Hashim. Once Al Mujadzar ibn Ziyad met him in the midst of battle. When, that Abul Bakhtari colleagues. So, Al Mujadzar said, “O Abul Bakhtari, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam forbade us to kill you.”

“And what about my friend here?”, Said Abul Bakhtari
“By Allah, we will not let your friend.” Answered Al Mujadzar.

Eventually they both attack, so be forced to kill Abul Al Mujadzar Bakhtari.

Victory for Muslims

Long story short, idolaters troops defeated and forced back. Forces of the Muslims managed to kill and capture some of them. There are seventy infidels were killed and seventy are taken captive. Among the 70 who were killed there are 24 leaders of the Quraysh Mushrikeen being dragged and inserted into holes in Badr. Included among the 24 people it was Abu Jahl, Syaibah bin Rabi’a, Utbah bin Rabi’a and his son, Al-Walid bin Utbah.

Thus the Battle of Badr, a small army able to defeat the larger force with the permission of Allah. Allah says,

كم من فئة قليلة غلبت فئة كثيرة بإذن الله والله مع الصابرين

“… How many classes a little can beat a lot of classes with the permission of Allah. And Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere. “(Surat al-Baqara: 249)

They …
They won not by force of arms
They won not because of the strength of its personnel
WIN because they fight in order to enforce the sentence of God and defend their religion …
Allahu Al Musta’an …

Footnote:
[1] The words of Al Miqdad radi ‘anhu is an excerpt from the letter of the word of Allah Al Maidah: 24

 

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About muslimreligi

Man who always pray to Allah SWT

Posted on June 29, 2011, in Islamic History and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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