Virtue Shaking Hands While Meeting

From al-Bara ‘bin’ Azib radi ‘anhu, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said,
ما من مسلمين يلتقيان فيتصافحان إلا غفر لهما قبل أن يفترقا

“It is not two Muslims meet each other and then shake hands, but will be forgiven (sins) both of them before they split up.” [1]

This noble Hadith which demonstrate the virtue of shaking hands when meeting, and this is a matter that is recommended by the consensus of the scholars [2], even this is a Sunnah that muakkad (highly stressed) [3].

Faidah-Faidah Important Contained In Hadith:

1. Meaning mushaafahah (shaking hands) in this hadeeth is shaking hands with one hand, the right hand, from both sides [4]. How to shake hands like a lot is explained in a saheeh hadeeth, and this is the meaning of “shook hands” in the language [5]. As for doing two-handed handshake is way menyelisihi Sunnah Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam [6].
2. Also Sunnah to shake hands when split, based on a hadith corroborated by sheikh al-Albani [7]. Then the argument that shaking hands when parting is not prescribed is an opinion that has no proof / argument. Despite clear recommendations are not as strong as the recommendation to shake hands when meeting [8].
3. Shaking hands is that worship disyari’atkan when they met and parted, then do so in addition to two times, for example, after the five daily prayers, is menyelisihi teachings of the Prophet, even some scholars as an act of heresy menghukuminya [9]. Among the scholars who prohibit such actions are al-‘Izz bin ‘Abdussalam, Ibn Hajar al-Shafi’i Haitami, Quthbuddin son’ Ala-uddin al-Makki al-Hanafi, al-Laknawi and others [10 ].
4. As for shaking hands after praying for two people who just met at that time (after the five daily prayers, pen), then this is recommended, because the intention is to shake hands both on meeting and not by prayer [11].
5. Kissing the hands of a teacher / chaplain when I met him was allowed, based on several hadith the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and the actions of several people Companions radi’ anhum. But the permissibility must meet several requirements, namely:
(A) Do not make it a habit, because the Companions radi ‘anhum themselves do not often do so to Rasuluillah sallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam, especially if it is done for the purpose of looking for a blessing by kissing the hand of the teacher.
(B) The act does not make the teacher be proud and felt great in front of others, as often happens today.
(C) Do not let it make us abandon the Sunnah is more mainstream and more encouraged when they met, ie shaking hands, as the above [12].

[1] Reported by Abu Dawood (no. 5212), at-Tirmidhi (no. 2727), Ibn Majah (no. 3703) and Ahmad (4 / 289), declared saheeh by Shaikh al-Albani and his supporters with a variety of pathways in the book Silasilatul Ahaaditsish Shahiihah (no. 525).
[2] See Sharh Saheeh Muslim (17/101) and Fathul Baari (11/55).
[3] See the book Faidhul Qadiir (5 / 499).
[4] See the book Tuhfatul ahwadzi (7 / 429) and ‘Aunul Ma’bud (14/80).
[5] See the book Lisanul ‘Arab (2 / 512).
[6] See the book Silasilatul Ahaaditsish Shahiihah (1/51-52).
[7] In Silasilatul Ahaaditsish Shahiihah (1 / 48).
[8] Ibid (1/52-53).
[9] As al-Fadil al-Ruumi, Laknawi al-Sheikh al-Albani and.
[10] See what they say in the book of excerpts of al-Mubin fi Qaulul Mushallin Akhtha-il (p. 294-296).
[11] See Silasilatul Ahaaditsish Shahiihah (1 / 53).
[12] See Silasilatul Ahaaditsish Shahiihah (1 / 302).

 

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About muslimreligi

Man who always pray to Allah SWT

Posted on July 4, 2011, in Hadist and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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