Prophet Daud (David) As
When the two armies faced each other, Goliath challenged any soldier of the army of King Saul in single combat, as was the custom in those days of battle. Goliath also wanted to show its strength. The men were terrified, and none had the courage to volunteer. The king offered the hand of his beautiful daughter in marriage to the man who would fight Goliath, but this offer has not changed the attractive deadly silence among his soldiers.
Then, to everyone’s surprise, a young man stepped forward. A roar of laughter echoed from the enemy, and even Saul’s men shook their heads.
The young man was David (Dawud), from the city of Bethlehem. His elderly father had chosen three of his sons to join Saul’s army. He instructed the youngest, David, not to take part in the fighting, but to help the army in other ways and to report to his father every day about what was happening on the war front.
Although Saul was very impressed by the courage of the young, said: “I admire your courage, but are no match for this mighty warrior and the strong men come forward.”. David, however, had already decided and was willing to face the challenge. With pride, he told the king that only the day before had killed a lion that had threatened the flock of his father, and on another occasion had killed a bear. He asked Saul not to judge by his appearance, he feared no man or beast. Saul, surprised by young David courageous stance, agreed: “My brave soldier, if you want, then Allah will protect you and grant you strength!”
The King David, dressed in battle armor and handed him a sword, but David was not used to wear battle. He felt uncomfortable in it, and hampered his movements. He took off the armor, then collected a few pebbles and filled his leather pouch with them. This was near his shoulder sling. With its wooden stick in his hand, began to walk towards the enemy. Saul was worried and asked him how on earth, with a sling and a couple of stones would have to defend themselves against the giant? David replied: “Allah has protected me from the claws of the bear and the fangs of the lion will certainly protect me from this brute!”
When Goliath set eyes on the young man that looked like a skinny boy laughed loudly and shouted: “You’re out playing war with one of your playmates, or you’re tired of your life I will cut off the head? A shot of my sword! ”
David cried. “It could be the armor, shield and sword, but be in the name of Allah, the Lord of Israel, whose laws you have mocked Today you will see that it is not the sword that kills, but the will and power of Allah!”
So saying, he took his sling and placed in it a stone from his bag. He turned and pointed it at Goliath. The stone from the sling shot whirling with the speed of an arrow and hit Goliath’s head with great force. The blood gushed out, and Goliath fought on the ground, lifeless, before he had the chance to draw his sword. When the rest of his men saw their mighty hero slain, took to his heels. The Israelites followed in hot pursuit, taking revenge for their years of suffering at the hands of their enemy, killing every soldier they could lay hands on. In this battle the Israelites regained the glory and the honor that was lost long ago.
David became a hero overnight. Saul kept his word and married his daughter Michal (Miqel) for the young warrior and took him under his wing as one of his top advisers.
Allah the Almighty said: We route with the permission of Allah, and David killed Goliath and Allah gave him (David) the kingdom (after the death of Saul and Samuel) and wisdom, and taught him what he wanted. And if Allah did not check a group of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of malice. But Allah is full of Bounty to the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists). (Ch 2:251 Quran).
David has become the most famous man among the Israelites. However, he was not inveigled by this, was not a prisoner of fame or leadership but a prisoner of love of Allah.
Therefore, after killing Goliath he went into the wilderness in the company of nature, glorifying Almighty Allah and contemplating His favors. Indeed, we have made the mountains glorify our praises with him (David) in the Ashi (after noon until sunset) and Ishraq (after sunrise until noon). And (so did) the birds assembled: all with him (David) did turn (to Allah, glorified His Praises). We made his kingdom strong and gave him wisdom and sound judgment in speech and decision. (Ch 38:18-20 Quran)
Creatures such as plants, birds, beasts, mountains and even responded to his voice glorifying God. Allah had chosen David to be a prophet and revealed the Psalms to him. As He the Almighty said: And to David We gave the Psalms. (Qur’an Ch 17:55).
David played his writing and glorified Allah, while the mountains joined him praise and the birds gathered around him. Almighty Allah directed: Be patient (O Muhammad) what they say, and remember our servant David, endured with the power. In truth, it was always returning often in all matters and in repentance to Allah. (Ch 38:17 Quran).
David’s sincerity was not the only factor responsible for the birds and the beasts join with him to glorify God, or the sweetness of his voice. It ‘was a miracle of Allah. This was not his only miracle, for Allah himself endowed with the faculty of understanding the languages of birds and animals.
David (pbuh) fasted every other day. Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-As narrated: Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) said: “The most beloved fasting to Allah was the fasting of Prophet David, who used to fast every other day and the prayer most loved Allah is the prayer. David, who was asleep in the first half of the night, and pray for one third of it and again sleep for a sixth of it. ‘”(Sahih al-Bukhari).
Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-As also narrated: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘I have been informed that praying every night and observe fast every day, right?’ I replied: ‘Yes’. He said,’ If you do, your eyes will be weak and bored so fast three days per month, this will be fasting for a whole year (or equal to fasting for an entire year). .. ‘I said,’ I am able to fast more. ‘ He said, ‘Then fast like the fasting of (the Prophet) David (pbuh) who used to fast every other day and did not flee before the enemy’. “(Sahih al-Bukhari)
Allah granted David great influence. Its people had a large number of wars in their time, but they had a problem that the iron frame was too heavy for the fighter to move and fight as he wanted. It is said that David was sitting one day, contemplating this problem while playing with a piece of iron. Suddenly, he found his hand sinking in iron. Allah the Almighty had made flexible for him: And we made the iron soft for him. (Qur’an Ch 34:10)
The people praised and loved David. However, the hearts of men are fickle and their memories are short. Even great men can feel insecure and become petty. One day David found Saul in a worried state. He sensed something strange in the attitude of Saul to him. That night, when he shared his feeling with his wife, began to weep bitterly and said: “. O David, I never fail to keep any secrets from you” He said that his father had become jealous of his popularity and feared that he would lose his kingdom to him. She should be on guard.
This information shocked David very much. She prayed and hoped that the good nature of Saul would overcome the darker side of his character. The next day, Saul summoned David to inform him that Canaan had gathered its forces and would march on the kingdom. David ordered to advance on them with the army and not to return unless the victory was gained.
David guessed that this was an excuse to get rid of him, or he would kill the enemy, or in the middle of the battle, Saul’s henchmen might stab him behind. Yet he hastened with his troops to meet the army of Canaan. They fought the good Canaanites, without thinking about their own safety. Allah has granted them victory, and David lived to return to Saul.
Unfortunately, this only increased the fear of Saul, so he plotted to kill David. Such is the jealousy that even a child welfare matter. Michal learned of the plan of his father and hastened to warn her husband. David picked up some food and things, mounted his camel and fled. He found a cave that has remained hidden for several days. After some time, the brothers David and some citizens joined forces with him. Saul’s position became very weak, because he began to rule with a heavy hand. He abused the learned, tortured the reciters of the Talmud, and terrorized his soldiers. This worsened his position, and his subjects began to revolt against him. He decided to go to war with David. This news, David marched to face the army of Saul.
The king’s army had traveled far and was overcome by fatigue, so they decided to rest in a valley, where they fell asleep. Quietly, David crept up to the sleeping Saul, took his spear, and cut a piece of his cloak with his sword. David then awakened the king and said to him. “Oh King, you will leave in search of me, but I do not hate you, and I will not kill you if I did, I would kill you when they slept here. Is a piece of your head. I could have hacked in the neck or not, but I . My mission is love, not malice. ” The king realized his mistake and asked forgiveness.
Time passed and Saul was killed in a battle in which David did not take part. David succeeded Saul, for the people remembered what he had done for them and elected him king. So it was that David the Prophet was also a king. Allah strengthens the rule of David and made him victorious. His kingdom was strong and great, his enemies feared him, without engaging in war with him.
David had a son named Solomon (Sulaiman), who was intelligent and wise since childhood. When the following story took place, Solomon was eleven years old.
One day David was sitting, as usual, solving the problems of his people, when two men, one of which had a field, came to him. The owner of the camp said: “O Prophet dear sheep of this man came to my field at night and ate the grapes and have come to claim.” David asked the owner of the sheep: “And ‘it?” He said: “Yes, sir.” David said: “I decided to give him your sheep in exchange for the field.” Solomon, to whom Allah has given wisdom in addition to what he had inherited from his father, spoke on: “I have another opinion of the owner of the sheep should take the field to cultivate until the grapes grow, while the other man should take. the sheep and use wool and milk until his field is fixed. If the grapes, and the field returns to its previous state, then the owner of the field should take his sheep to the field and return the their owner. ”
David said: “This is a common sense Praise be to Allah to give you with the wisdom of the wise Solomon Are you really …”
Prophet David was a just and righteous ruler who brought peace and prosperity to its people, and that Allah honored as a messenger. He delivered the message of Allah to the people through the precious gift of his melodious voice. When he recited the psalms (Zaboor), it was as if the rest of creation with him sang, people listened as if in a trance. The messages delivered are known and remembered David. They are known in the Bible as the Psalms or songs of David.
David divided his working day into four parts: one for a living and rest, one to pray to the Lord, one to listen to the grievances of his people, and the last part to deliver his sermons. He also appointed deputies to listen to complaints of his subjects’ in his absence so that people’s problems can not be neglected.
Although a king, did not live on the income of its kingdom. Being well versed in the profession of arms-making, has built and sold weapons and lived on that income.
One day, while David was praying in his prayer niche, he ordered his guards not to allow anyone to interrupt him, but two men managed to enter and disturb him. “Who are you?” he asked. One of the men said: “Do not be afraid We have a dispute, and have come to your opinion..” David said: “What?” The first man said: “This is my brother, has 99 sheep, and one I gave it to me, but took it again ..” David, without hearing from the other side said: “He made a mistake taking the sheep back, and many partners oppress one another, with the exception of those who are believers.”
The two men vanished like a cloud, and David realized that there were two angels sent to him to teach him a lesson. He should not have to pass an opinion without listening to the other party.
Allah the Almighty told us of this incident: It is the news of the litigants reached you? When they climbed over the wall in (his) Mihrab (a praying place or private room). When they entered in upon David, he was terrified of them, they said: Fear not! (We are) two litigants, one of whom has wronged the other, therefore judge between us with truth, and not treat us with injustice, and guide us on the right track. ”
“In truth, this is my brother (in religion) has 99 sheep, while I have only one sheep, and he says: ‘. Give it to me,’ and I was overwhelmed in his speech”
David said at once without listening to the opponent: “He has wronged you in demanding your ewe in addition to his sheep and, indeed, many partners oppress one another, except those who believe and do good deeds right, and few are .. ”
And David guessed that we tried and tried the forgiveness of his Lord, and he fell prostrate and turned to God in repentance. So we forgave him, and in truth, he is a close access to us, and how good the place of final return Paradise.
O David! Indeed! We have a successor in place as the earth, so judge between men in truth and in justice. And do not follow your desire for it to mislead from the path of Allah. Indeed! Those who wander astray from the path of Allah must have a severe torment, because they forgot the Day of Judgement. (Ch 38:21-26 Quran).
David worshiped Allah, glorified Him, and sang his praises to the death. According to tradition, David died suddenly and was mourned by 4000 priests, as well as thousands of people. It ‘been so hot that people suffered from the intensity of the sun. Solomon called the birds to protect David and the people from the sun, and they did until it was buried. This was the first sign of his dominion to be assisted by the people.