Prophet Isa As
In many verses of the Glorious Qur’an Allah the Exalted denied the claim of the Christians that He has a son. A delegation Nagran came to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). They began to talk about their claim about the Trinity, namely, that God is three in one, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, with some disagreement among their sects. That is why Allah has stated in many verses of the Quran that Jesus is a slave of Allah, which He has formed in the womb of his mother like any other of his creatures, and that He created him without a father, as he created Adam without a father or a mother.
Allah the Almighty said: Allah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran above the Alamin (men and jinns) (of their time). Offspring, one of the other theoretical, and Allah hears and knows all.
Remember when the wife of Imran said: “My Lord, I swear to you what (the child) is in my womb to be dedicated to your service (free from all the work world, to serve Your Place of worship ), as well! accept this from me. Verily, Thou art the Hearing, the all-knowing. ”
Then, when she delivered her (child Mary), said: “O my Lord I have delivered a baby girl,” Allah knew best what she delivered, – “and the male is not like the female, and I named her Maria and I seek refuge with you (Allah) for her and for her offspring from Satan the outcast. ”
So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with good acceptance. He did grow up in a good way and put under the care of Zechariah. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (praying place or private room), he found her supplied with sustenance.
He said: “O Mary, Where did you this?”
He said: “. By Allah, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limits.” (Ch 3:33-37 Quran)
Allah has said that he had elected Adam (pbuh) and the elite of his children who obey Allah. He stated the family of Abraham (peace be upon him), which includes the sons of Ishmael (peace be upon him), and the family of Imran, the father of Mary.
Muhammad Ibn Ishaq said that he was Imran Ibn Bashim, Ibn Amun, Ibn Misha, Ibn Hosqia, Ahriq Ibn Ibn Mutham, Azaz Ibn Ibn Amis, Yamish Ibn Ibn Ahrihu, Yazem Ibn Ibn Yahfashat, Ibn Eish, Ibn Iyam Ibn Rahba am, Ibn David (Dawud).
Zakariyah Prophet (pbuh), his wife’s sister had a daughter named Hannah. She was married to Imran, a leader of the Israelites. For many years, the couple remained childless. When Hannah saw another woman with a child, his desire for a child increased. Although years had passed, he never lost hope. He believed that one day Allah would bless with a child, on which he would shower all her motherly love.
He turned to the Lord of heaven and earth and pleaded with Him for a child. Would offer the child in the service of the house of Allah, in the temple of Jerusalem. God granted his request. When she learned she was pregnant, she was the happiest woman alive, and thanked Allah for His gift. Imran also thanked her husband happy Allah for His mercy.
However, while she was pregnant with her missing husband. Anna wept bitterly. Alas, Imran did not live to see their baby for whom they had so desired. She gave birth to a child, and again turned to Allah in prayer: “O my Lord, I delivered a baby girl,” and the male is not like the female, and I named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You ( Allah) for her and her offspring from Satan the outcast. “(Qur’an Ch 3:36)
Hannah had a big problem in reference to his promise of Allah, for females were not accepted into the temple, and she was very worried. His sister’s husband Zakariyah, comforted her, saying that Allah knew better what they had delivered and appreciated fully what he had offered in His service. She wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it to the older temple. As the child was a girl, the question of its protection has posed a problem for the elderly. This was a child of their late and beloved leader, and everyone was eager to take care of her. Zakariyah said to the elders: “I am the husband of his maternal aunt and her closest relative in the temple, then I will be more attentive to her that all of you.”
As was their custom to draw lots to solve disagreements, they followed this course. Each was given a reed to throw into the stream. They had agreed that those who remained afloat would be granted protection tube to the girl. All the reeds sank to the bottom if it is not Zakariyah. With this sign, all surrendered to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.
To ensure that no one had access to Mary, Zakariyah built a separate room for her in the temple. While she grew up, he spent his time in devotion to Allah. Zakariyah visited his day to see to her needs, and so continued for many years. One day, he was surprised to find fresh fruit, which was out of season in his room. As the only person who could enter his room, he asked her how the fruit got there. He said that these provisions were from Allah, as He gives to whom He will. Zakariyah understood by this that Allah had raised Mary’s status above that of other women.
Subsequently, Zakariyah spent more time with her, teaching and guiding her. Maria grew up to become a devotee of Allah, glorifying him day and night.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “. The best of women in the world is Mary (in life), and the best of the world’s women is Khadija (in life)” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Abu Musa Al-Ashari also narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “Who among men attained perfection but amongst women none attained perfection except Mary, the daughter of Imran, and Asiya the wife of Pharaoh, and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (Arabic dish) to other meals. ”
While Mary was praying in a temple, an angel in the form of a man appeared before her. Filled with terror, he tried to flee, praying: “Verily I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you fear Allah.”
The angel said: “I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a child right.”
He said: “How can I have a son when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?”
He said: “So (it will), the Lord said:” This is easy for me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign for mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and is a matter (already) decreed (by Allah). ‘”(Ch 19:18-21 Quran)
Caused great anxiety to the visit of Mary, which increased as the months go by. How could she face giving birth to a son without a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, he left the temple and went to Nazareth, the town where she was born where she settled in a simple house to avoid the public.
But the fear and anxiety did not leave her. She came from a noble and pious family. His father was not a wicked man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could prevent tongues wagging about her honor?
After a few months, could not endure more mental effort. Burdened by a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to stay away from this depressing atmosphere.
She had not gone far when he was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. Saw down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at his beautiful child, who was injured had given birth without a father. Exclaimed: “I wish I had died before this happened and had vanished into thin air!”
Suddenly, he heard a voice nearby: “Grieve not, thy Lord hath provided a rivulet below, and shake the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall Eat, drink and regain the strength you have lost, and being. Joy, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who has made the dry palm regain life, in order to provide food for you. ” For a while ‘is comforted by a miracle of Allah, because he was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.
He decided to return to the city. However, his fears also returned. What would he tell people? As if worrying sharinhis mother, the child began to speak: “If you meet a person say: ‘. I made a vow to fast for the compassionate and can not talk to any human today,'” With this miracle, Mary felt at ease.
As expected, its arrival in the city with an infant in her arms aroused people’s curiosity. They have scolded: “This is a terrible sin that you committed.” She put a finger on his lips and pointed to the child. They asked: “How can we speak of a newborn baby?” To their astonishment total, the child began to speak plainly, “I am a servant of Allah, Allah has given me the Book and made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I am, and it has imposed on me, and prayers alms. giving long as I live. God made me dutiful towards she who had brought me. He made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace be with me the day I was born, the day of my death, and the day I am raised alive. ”
Most people realized that the child was unique, because Allah wants something, she just says “Be” and it happens. Of course, there were some who saw the speech of the child as a strange trick, but at least it could now be Mary of Nazareth without being harassed.
Allah revealed: And mention in the book (the Qur’an, or Muhammad, the story of) Mary, when he retired in seclusion from her family in a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them, then we sent to her Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.
He said: “Verily I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you fear Allah.”
The angel said: “I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a child right.”
He said: “How can I have a son when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: “So (it will), the Lord said:” This is easy for me (Allah): and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign for mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and is a matter (already) decreed (by Allah). ‘”
So she conceived him and withdrew with him to a far place (Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. He said: “I wish I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”
Then (the child “Jesus” or Gabriel) cried to her from below her, saying: “Do not Grieve Your Lord has provided a stream beneath you, and shake the trunk of a palm tree towards you, it will be fresh ripe dates dropped on you Eat, drink and be happy, and if you see a human being, says. ‘! Actually, I made a vow to the Most Beneficent (Allah), so I will not speak to any human being today ‘. ”
Then he brought (the baby) to his people, who bears it. They said. “O Mary, in fact you have done something Fariyya (unheard of power) or sister (the like) of Aaron (not the brother of Moses, but it was another pious man at the time of Mary) Your father was not a man who he used to commit adultery, nor thy mother a woman unchaste. ”
Then he pointed at him. They said: “How can we talk to someone who has a child in the cradle?”
He (Jesus) said: “Verily I am a servant of Allah has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet, and He has blessed me wherever I am, and I ordered the prayer, and Zakat, as long as !. I live, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day of my death, and the day when I am raised alive! ”
This is Jesus, son of Mary. (E ‘) a statement of truth, of which they doubt (or dispute). It is not befitting (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a child (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When he decides something, it just says, “Be!” – And it is.
Jesus said: “Verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord so worship Him (Alone) This is the right way (Allah’s Religion of Islamic Monotheism, which made ordering for all of His Prophets )….”
Then the sects differed (the Christians about Jesus), so the trouble disbeliveers (those who gave false witness by saying that Jesus is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great day (the Day of Resurrection, when they are thrown into Flame).
How clearly have you (polytheists and disbeliveers in unity ‘of Allah) see and hear, the day will appear before us! But Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error. And warn them (O Muhammad) on the day of grief and regrets, when the case was decided, but now they are in a state of neglect and disbelief. (Ch 19:16-39 Quran)
It was said that Joseph the carpenter was very surprised when you heard the story, so he asked Mary: “Can a tree come to grow without a seed,” He said: “Yes, what Allah has created for the first time.” The asked again: “And ‘possible to carry a baby without a male partner?” He said: “Yes, Allah created Adam without male or female!”
It ‘was also said that while she was pregnant, Mary went one day to her aunt, who reported that he felt as if she was pregnant. Mary, in turn, said that she felt as if she was pregnant. Then my aunt said: “I can see what is in my womb prostrating to what is in your womb.”
The Jewish priests felt this child Jesus was dangerous, because he felt that people would turn their worship to Almighty Allah alone, moving the existing Jewish principles. Consequently, they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Jesus’ words in childhood as a secret and accused Mary of a great crime.
Like Jesus (peace be upon him) grew, the signs of the prophet began to increase. He could tell his friends what kind of dinner waiting for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he was twelve, he accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. He wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lessons of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience were all adults, but was not afraid to sit down with them. After listening carefully, asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the courage of the boy and perplexed by the questions asked, because they were able to answer. They tried to silence him, but he ignored their attempts and continued to express his opinions. Jesus became so involved in this exchange that has forgotten how it is expected to return home.
Meanwhile, his mother returned home, thinking that he could come back with relatives or friends. When he arrived, he discovered that there was, so he went into town to look for it. Eventually she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. It seemed to be enough in the east, as if he had done this all my life. Mary is angry with him for causing her concern. He tried to reassure her that all discuss and debate with the learned had forgotten the time.
Jesus grew to adulthood. It was a Saturday, a day of complete rest: no fire can be turned on or off, nor could females plait their hair. Moses (peace be upon him) had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit was gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews’ hearts. In addition, they thought that Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the people of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.
They have done a hundred things unlawful, even on Saturday self-defense or call a doctor to save a patient who was in poor condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell when their interests were involved in order to achieve personal gains. There was, for example, a rule that prohibits a journey of over a thousand yards on the Sabbath. What we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drinks from their homes 2,000 meters and erected a temporary home that allows tthey could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath.
Jesus was going to the temple. Although it was Saturday, he stretched out his hand to take two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered as a violation of Sabbath law. He made a fire to the old air from cold to warm. Another violation. He went to the temple and looked around. There were 20 thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of the temple were full of them.
Jesus said that the visitors were much less than the priests. But the temple was full of sheep and doves, which were sold to people by offering a sacrifice. Each step in the temple cost the visitor money. They adored him, but no money. In the temple, the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place, and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Jesus followed the scene with the eyes and noted that the poor who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Sadducees. Jesus was amazed. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?
In this blessed night, the two noble prophets John (pbuh) and Zakariyah (peace be upon him) is dead, killed by the authorities in power. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Jesus (peace be upon him). Allah ordered him to begin his appeal to the children of Israel. To Jesus, life of ease was closed, and the page of worship and struggled was opened.
As an opposing force, the message of Jesus came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and of strengthening the law of Moses. In the face of materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Jesus called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of poverty and diseases of his age. Call of Jesus, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It ‘called for the soul, the inner being, and not a closed system of rules established by the company.
Jesus continued calling people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and his creatures. However, Jesus was in conflict with the superficial interpretation of the Jews’ Torah. He said he came not to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to get to its essence.
He made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than anyone imagined. For example, the fifth commandment forbids the killing not only physical, but all forms of killing, physical, psychological or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when you look at something with passion.
Jesus was therefore in comparison with the materialistic people. He told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to accumulate wealth in this life. They should not worry with the goods of this passing world, even have to worry about with the affairs of the world to come, because it would be eternal.
Jesus said to them that taking care of this world is a sin, not suitable for the faithful devotees. The disbeliveers care, they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so that trust in Him and scorn this world.
Jesus continued to invite people to worship the One God, Who has no partner, as he invited them to purify the heart and soul.
His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Jesus was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds.
The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention to be involved in this religious discord of the Jews, because it was an internal matter, and saw that the dispute would distract the Jews from the issue of employment.
However, the priests began to plot against Jesus wanted to embarrass him and to show that he had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulteress be stoned to death. Have brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Jesus: “Does the law prescribes stoning of adulterers,” Jesus replied: “Yes.” They said: “This woman is an adulteress.” Jesus looked at the woman and then the priests. He knew that they were worse sinners than her. They agreed that he should be killed according to Mosaic law, and they understood that if he was going to apply the Mosaic law, would destroy its own rules of forgiveness and mercy.
Jesus understood their plan. He smiled and nodded. “Who among you is sinless can stone her,” Her voice rose in the middle of the temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was no one eligible, no mortal can judge sin, only Allah, the Merciful.
As Jesus left the temple, the woman followed him. He pulled out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then wiped his feet with her hair. Jesus said to the woman and told her to get up, adding: “. Lord, forgive his sins,” He let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on compassion for the people, the goal of all divine calls.
Jesus continues to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on each other and believing in Allah.
Jesus continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some commentators of the Qur’an says that Jesus brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, the son of an elderly woman, and the only daughter of a woman. These three had died during his lifetime. When they saw what he said: “You only resurrect those who died recently, perhaps only fainted.” They asked him to revive the Sam Ibn Noah.
When he asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Jesus invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back here and Sam Ibn Noah came out from the grave, gray-haired. Jesus asked: “how your hair is gray, when there was no aging in your time?” He said: “O Spirit of God, I thought that the Day of Judgement had come, from the fear of that day my hair turned gray.”