Prophet Jacob (Ya’qub) As
The Quran does not give details of the life of Isaac (peace be upon him), but reliable commentators on the Quran said that when Abraham felt that his life was drawing to a close, he wanted to see Isaac married. He did not want Isaac to marry one of the Canaanites, who were pagans, so he sent a trusted servant to Haran in Iraq to choose a bride for Isaac. The choice fell upon Rebekah Bint servant of Bethuel, Ibn Nahor, who was a brother of Abraham. Isaac married her and gave birth to a set of twins, Esau (Al Eis) and Jacob (Yaqub).
Bad feelings developed between the two brothers, when they are grown manhood. Esau did not like the fact that Jacob was favored by his father and by Allah with prophethood. This ill feeling became so serious that Esau threatened to kill his brother. Fearing for his life, Jacob fled the country.
The people of the Scripture says that when Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, Bint Bethuel, during his father’s life. They said it was barren, so Isaac prayed to Allah and then she became pregnant. She gave birth to twins. The first one was called Esau, who the Arabs called Al-Eis. He became the father of Rum. The second was called Jacob, which means Isreal, (belonging to the people of Israel).
The People of the Book said that when Isaac (pbuh) grew old and eye sight had weakened, he had a desire for food, so he asked his son Esau to go hunting and bring him some cooked game. Esau asked him to bless the food and pray for him. Esau, a hunter, went out to take his father’s flesh. Rebekah, hearing this, ordered her son Jacob slaughter two goats of his flock and cook them as best he loved his father and bring him before his brother returned. Jacob dressed in clothes of his brother and put goat skin on his arms and neck, for Esau was hairy while Jacob was not. When he approached his father with the food, the father asked: ‘Who are you?’ Jacob said: ‘I am your son’. When his father finished eating, he prayed for his son to be the more blessed brother and to prevail upon them and all the people, and for Allah to support him and his children.
When he left his father, his brother Esau, who had made his father’s command, entered. Isaac asked: “What is my son?” He said: “This is the food you like.” Isaac asked: “Have Brin was an hour ago and ask me to pray for you?” Esau said: “No, I did not swear,” and he knew that his brother had preceded him in this matter and he had a heart condition.
The People of the Book said Esau threatened to kill his brother when their father was dead. They also said that he asked his father to pray for him that Allah make good ground for his offsprin and multiply his sustenance and fruits.
When their mother knew that Esau threatened his brother Jacob, she commanded her son Jacob to go to Laban, her brother in the land of Haran and abide with him for a time until his brother’s anger had subsided, and marry a daughter of Laban. she told her husband Isaac to command him with that advice and pray for him, and he did.
Jacob (peace be upon him) left his family when night came he found a place to rest. He took a stone and put it under his head and fell asleep. He dreamed of a ladder from heaven to earth. Angels ascending and descending and the Lord turned to him and said: “I will bless you and your offspring and make this land for you and for those who come after you.”
When he woke up he was happy with what he saw in his dream and vowed, for the sake of Allah, that if he returned to his family safely, he would build here a temple for Allah the Almighty. He also promised to give a tenth of his property for the sake of Allah. Poured oil on the stone in order to recognize it and called the place “Ayle House” (Bethel), which means “house of Allah.” It was to be the location of Jerusalem later.
The People of the Book also said that when Jacob came to his maternal uncle in the land of Haran, his uncle had two daughters. The elder one was called Leah (Lia) and the younger was Rachel (Rahil). This was the best and most beautiful of the two. His uncle agreed to marry his daughter to him, on condition that Jacob pasture his sheep for seven years.
After a period of time, his uncle prepared a feast and gathering people for marriage. He married Leah, the eldest daughter, to him at night. He was weak-sighted and ugly. When morning came, Jacob discovered she was Leah and he complained of his uncle. “I fooled you, I was engaged to Rachel and you married me Lea.” The uncle said: “It is our tradition to marry the younger daughter before the elder daughter, however, if you love her sister, another job of seven years and I’ll marry you both.”.
Jacob worked for seven years and then married Rachel. It ‘was acceptable in their time, as described in the Torah, for a man to marry two sisters. Laban gave each child a slave. Leah’s slave, was called Zilpah and Rachel’s maidservant Bilhah was called.
Almighty Allah compensated Leah’s weakness by giving her children. the first was named Rueben (Robel), after which there were Simon (Shamun), Levi (Malawi) and Judah (Yahudh). Rachel felt jealous of Leah’s children have, as she was barren. She gave her maidservant Bilhah to her husband and had intercourse with her until she became pregnant. gave birth to a son and named him Naphtali. Leah was upset that Rachel had a servant bring forth a son, so in turn gave her slave Zilpah to Jacob (pbuh), Zilpah gave birth to two sons, Gad and Asher. Then Leah got pregnant and gave birth to her fifth child, Issaacher, and later gave birth to a son Zebulun sixth. After this Leah gave birth to a daughter named Dinah. Thus, Leah had seven sons of Jacob.
Then Rachel prayed to Allah to give her a son from Jacob. Allah answered the call and heard his prayer. She gave birth to a son, a great, noble, and beautiful. She named him Joseph (Yusuf).
All this has happened when they were in the land of Haran and Jacob (peace be upon him) was grazing the sheep of his uncle, he did for a period of twenty years.
Jacob then asked his uncle Laban to let him go and visit his family. His uncle said: “I’ve been blessed because of you ask all the money you need.” Jacob said: “Give me each spotted and speckled goat born this year and each black lamb.”
But the command of Laban’s sons who were his father’s goats removed striped, spotted or speckled, and black lambs, lest others should be born with those characteristics. They walked for three days with their goats and the sheep of his father Jacob, while tending the flock remaining.
The people of the Scripture says that Jacob (pbuh) took fresh rods of poplar, almond, and plane. HE peeled streaks in them and threw them into the water through for the goats to look at. The young inside their abdomens were terrified and moved and were born striped, spotted or speckled. When the sheep were breeding, he set his face toward the black sheep in the flock of Laban and put the rods among them. Their lambs were born blacks. This was considered an example of supernatural powers, a miracle. Jacob had many goats, sheep, beast and slaves. His uncle and his sons changed its face, as if the sheep and goats) had been stolen from them.
Allah the Almighty inspired Jacob to return to the country of his father and people, and promised to stay with him. Jacob said to his family, and they responded and obeyed him. Jacob did not tell Laban of his plans, however, and left without a goodbye.
Upon leaving, Rachel stole the idols of his father. After Jacob and his people had fled for his country, Laban and his people followed them. When Laban met with Jacob, the guilt for leaving him without his knowledge. He wanted to know so that he could leave them with celebration and joy, with drums and chants, and so that he could have ordered his daughters and sons farewell. And because they have taken his idols with them?
Jacob had no knowledge of his idols, so he denied that he had taken. Then Laban entered the tents of his daughters and slaves to search, but found nothing, for Rachel had put the idols in the camel saddle under her. She did not get up, apologizing that she had her period. So, could not perceive what they had done.
Then he sat on a hill called Galeed and there made a pact. Jacob would not hurt to treat Laban’s daughters nor marry others. Neither Laban nor Jacob would pass the hill into the other’s country. They cooked food and their people ate with them. Each ordered a farewell others left, each returning to his country.
When Jacob approached the land of Seir, the angels greeted him. He sent a messenger ahead with greetings to his brother Esau, asking forgiveness and humbling himself before him. The messenger returned greetings and told Jacob that Esau was riding towards him with 400 men. This made Jacob afraid and he prayed and prayed to Allah Almighty. He prostrated in humiliation and asked him to fulfill his promise that he had done before. She asked him to stop the evil of his brother Esau. then Jacob (peace be upon him) has prepared a gift for his brother: two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, and thirty milk camels, forty cows and two bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys.
He commanded his servants to take the animals, each led by one, and go before him with a space between the mass. He instructed them: “When you meet my brother Esau asks you, ‘to whom do you belong where you going?’ say, ‘they belong to your servant Jacob, are a gift to my master Esau, also is behind us “..
Jacob remained with his two wives, his slaves and his children for two nights, then continued to walk at night and rest during the day.
When the dawn of the second day came one of the angels appeared in the form of a man. Jacob began to wrestle him. They were neck and neck until the angel wounded in the thigh and Jacob became lame. When the day was breaking, the angel said to him: ‘What’s your name?’ He answered: ‘Jacob’. The angel said: “After today should not be called otherwise, but Israel.” Jacob asked: “Who are you What is your name?” Disappeared. Then Jacob knew that was one of the angels. Jacob was lame, and for this reason the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle on the hip socket.
Jacob looked up and saw his brother Esau coming. Jacob prostrated seven times before him because it was their salutation in that time. It was lawful for them just as the angels had prostration in salutation to Adam.
Esau when he saw him, ran towards him, embraced him and kissed him and wept. When Esau looked up and saw the women and children he asked: “Who are these with you?” Jacob said: “Those whom Allah has give me your servant.” Leah, Rachel, their slaves, and all the children approached and bowed down to him. Jacob asked Esau to accept his gift and insisted until he did.
Esau returned and went in advance before him. Jacob and his family followed with the flocks and herds and slaves to the mountains (Seir).
When he came to Succoth (Sahour), has built a house for himself and his beasts tones. Then he went out of Jerusalem, the village of Shechem, and camped before the village. He bought a farm with 100 goats Shcehm Ibn Hamor and built an altar, which he called Ayl, as Allah had commanded him. He built the altar where Jerusalem stands today and then the son of David, Solomon (pbuh) rebuilt it. E ‘in place of the stone that had previously anointed with oil, as has been said before.
The people of the book tells a story of Dinah, daughter of Jacob and Leah. Shechem Ibn Hamor seized her and lay with her by force. Then he asked his father and brothers to marry him. His brothers said: “Circumcise all of you, and give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, but we do not marry with uncircumcised people.” They (the men of the city) agreed to that, and all of them were circumcised. When the third day came, the pain of circumcision had increased, the sons of Jacob came and killed them till the end. Shchem killed and his father for the evil they have committed against them and their worship of idols. That is why Jacob’s sons killed them and seized their money as spoils.
Then Rachel got pregnant and gave birth to a son, Benjamin, but he had a tough job and died after giving birth. Jacob buried in Ephrata (afrath). The tomb of Rachel is there to this day. The sons of Jacob were twelve men. Leah there were Rueben (Robilar), Simon (Shamun), Levi (Malawi), Judas (Yahudh), Issachar (isakher) and Zebulon (Zablun). By Rachel were Joseph (Yusuf) (pbuh) and Benjamin. From Rachel’s slave there were Dan and Naphtali (Naphtali), and Leah’s slave there were Gad and Asher.
Jacob came to his father Isaac and settled with him in the village of Hebron, which is located in the land of Canaan, where Abraham had lived. Isaac became ill and died at the age of 180 years ago. his sons Esau and Jacob buried him with his father Abraham Al Khalil in a cave he had bought. It was said that Abraham died at the age of 175.
Allah Almighty says in the Glorious Qur’an: And who turns away from the religion of Abraham (Islamic Monotheism) except him who befools? In truth, we chose in this world and in truth, he will be among the righteous.
When his Lord said to him: “Submit (be a Muslim)!” He said: “I introduced myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).”
And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was imposed by his sons Abraham and Jacob, (saying): “O my children God has chosen for you the true religion, then die not except in the faith of ‘ Islam (as Muslims – Islamic Monotheism). ”
Or were you witnesses when death approached Jacob? When told his sons: “What will you worship after me?” They said: “We worship you (Ilah (God – Allah) the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (Islam).”
It ‘been a nation that had died. They must receive the reward of what they earned and what you earn. And you will not be asked what they used to do.
They say: “Be Jews or Christians, and then you will be guided.” Say (to them O Muhammad): “No (we follow) only the religion of Abraham, Hanifan (Islamic monotheism, ie to worship none but Allah alone, and was not the mushrikeen (those who worship others besides Allah).”
Say (O Muslims): “We believe in Allah and what has been revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and to Al Asbat (the twelve sons of Jacob), and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (Islam). ”
So if you believe in the like of what you believe, then they are rightly guided, but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So, Allah, you have to do against them. He is the Hearer all and knows all.
(Sibghah Our religion is) the Sibghah (religion) of Allah (Islam) and that Sibghah (religion) can be better than Allah. We are His faithful.
Say (O Muhammad, Jews and Christians): “you dispute with us about Allah while He is our Lord and your Lord and we should be rewarded for our actions and your deeds We are sincere to Him in worship?. And the ‘obedience (for example, we worship him alone and no other, and we obey his orders). “Or they say that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and Al Asbat (the twelve sons of Jacob) were Jews or Christians? Say: “You know well or does Allah knows best …. they were all Muslim and who is more unjust than he who conceals the testimony (to believe in Prophet Muhammad, when he comes written in their books) he has from Allah? Allah is not unmindful of what ye do. “(Ch 2:130-140 Quran)
In another surah Almighty Allah declared: O People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why dispute about Abraham in the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense? In truth, there are those who have disputed about that which you have no knowledge. Why then dispute concerning that which you have no knowledge? Allah is the Knower, and do not know.
Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim Hanifan (Islamic Monotheism), to worship none but Allah alone and he was not of the polytheists (he joined none in worship of Allah).
Indeed, among men who have the best claim to Abraham are those who followed him and this Prophet (Muhammad) and those who have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of believers. (Ch 3:65-68 Quran)
Allah also said: So in truth! Your Lord for those who do evil (sin and are disobedient to Allah) in ignorance and then repent and do good, indeed, your Lord is the one following that Forgiving, Merciful.
Verily, Abraham was an Ummah (a leader with all good qualities right or a nation), obedient to Allah, Hanifan (to worship none but Allah), and it was not one of those who were of the mushrikeen (polytheists, idolaters , disbeliveers in unity ‘of Allah and those who joined partners with Allah). He was thankful for His (Allah’s) Thanks. He (Allah) chose him (as an intimate friend) and guided him on the straight path (Islamic Monotheism, neither Judaism or Christianity). We gave him good in this world and he will be of the righteous. Then, we have inspired (O Muhammad saying): “Follow the religion of Abraham Hanifan (Islamic Monotheism to worship none but Allah) and was not mushrikeen (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbeliveers in unity ‘of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad, those who worship others along with Allah or set up rivals with or partners to Allah). “(Ch 16:119-123 Quran)