Prophet Jonah (Yunus) As
Prophet Jonah (Yunus) (pbuh) also known as Dhan-Nun. About his people Almighty Allah said: There was a small town community that believed after seeing the punishment, and his faith at that moment, saved from punishment? (The answer is none) – except the people of Jonah, when they believed, We removed from them the torment of disgrace in the life of today’s world, and allowed them to enjoy for a while ‘. (Ch 10:98 Quran)
The inhabitants of the city of Nineveh were idolaters who lived a life without shame. Prophet Jonah (peace be upon him) was sent to teach them the worship of Allah. People liked his interference in their form of worship, in a sustained way. “We and our fathers worshiped these gods for many years and no harm came to us.”
As he tried to convince them of the folly of idolatry and of the goodness of the laws of Allah, the ignored him. He warned them that if they kept their foolishness, Allah’s punishment would soon follow. Instead of fearing Allah told Jonah that they were not afraid of his threats. “Let it happen,” they said. Jonah was disheartened. “In this case, I leave you to your misery!” so saying, he left Nineveh, fearing the wrath of Allah would soon follow. Remember Dhan Nun (Jonah), when he left in anger, and imagined that we do not punish him (the calamities that had befallen him)! (Ch 21:87)
He had just left town when the sky began to change color and looked as if they were on fire. The people were filled with fear by this sight. They recalled the destruction of the people of ‘Ad, Thamud and Noah. They were from a similar fate? Slowly faith penetrated their hearts. They all gathered on the mountain and began to beg God for His mercy and forgiveness. The mountains echoed with their cries. It ‘important hour was full of sincere repentance.
Allah removed His wrath and poured out His blessings upon them once again. When the storm threat has been lifted, they prayed for the return of Jonah so that he could guide them.
Meanwhile, Jonah had boarded a small ship in the company of other passengers. And ‘sailed all day in calm waters with a good wind blowing the sails. When night came, the sea suddenly changed. A terrible storm blew as if it were going to divide the ship into pieces. The waves looked wild. It rose as high as mountains then plunged down like valleys, tossing the ship and outreach on the bridge.
Behind the ship, a large whale was splitting the water and opening his mouth. A command was issued by Almighty Allah to one of the great whales of the sea surface. And ‘obeyed. The whale hurried to the sea surface and followed the ship as he was commanded.
The storm continued and the chief crewman asked the crew to lighten the heavy load of the ship. They threw their baggage overboard, but this was not enough. Their safety lay in reducing the weight further, so they decided among themselves to lighten their load by removing at least one person.
The captain directed: We will do a lot with all the names of the travelers’. The one whose name is drawn will be thrown into the sea. “Jonah knew this was one of the traditions of the sailors, when faced with a storm. It ‘was a strange polytheistic tradition, but it was practiced at that time. Affliction of Jonah and the crisis began.
Here was the prophet, subjected to polytheistic rules that considered the sea and the wind to have gods that riot. The captain had to please these gods. Jonah reluctantly participated in the lottery, and his name was added to the names the other passengers’. The lot was drawn and “Jonah” appeared.
They knew it was the most honorable among them, did not want to throw it into the angry sea. Therefore, they decided to draw a second lot. Once again the name of Jonah was written. They gave him one final chance and drew a third lot. Unfortunately for Jonah, his name came up again.
Jonah realized that Allah’s hand was in all this, because he had abandoned his mission without the consent of Allah. The issue was over, and it was decided that Jonah should throw himself into the water. Jonah was on board the ship watching the sea angry. It was night and there was no moon. The stars were hidden behind a black fog. But before he could be thrown overboard, Jonah kept mentioning Allah’s name, and jumped into the raging sea and disappeared beneath the huge waves.
Jonah the Whale found floating on the waves before. Swallowed Jonah in his stomach furious and close its ivory teeth at him as if they were white bolts locking the door of his prison. The whale dived to the bottom of the sea, the sea that runs into the abyss of darkness.
Three layers of darkness enveloped him, one above the other, the darkness of the stomach of the whale, the sea of darkness, the darkness of the night. Jonah thought to be dead, but his senses alert when he found he could move. He knew he was alive and imprisoned between three layers of darkness. His heart was moved by remembering Allah. His tongue released soon after saying: La ilaha illa Anta (none has the right to be worshiped but You (O Allah), Gloria (and Exalted) be You (above all that evil is associated with you), In truth, I was of the unjust. “(Ch 21:87 Quran)
Jonah continued praying to Allah, repeating this invocation. Fish, whales, seaweeds, and all the creatures that lived in the sea heard the voice of Jonah praying, heard the celebration of Allah’s praises issuing from the stomach of the whale. All these creatures gathered around the whale and began to sing the praises of Allah in their turn, each in its own way and in their own language.
The whale also participated in celebrating the praises of Allah and understood that he had swallowed a prophet. Therefore felt fear, however, is said to herself; “?. Why should I be afraid of Allah has ordered me to swallow him”
Allah Almighty saw the sincere repentance of Jonah and heard his invocation in the belly of the whale. Allah commanded the whale to surface and eject Jonah on an island. The whale obeyed and swam to the far side of the ocean. Allah has ordered to go up to the heat, the sun and the cool pleasant land.
The whale ejected Jonah on a remote island. His body was inflamed because of acid inside the stomach of the whale. He was sick, and when the sun rose, its radius burned his inflamed body so that she was about to scream in pain. However, he endured the pain and continued to repeat his invocation to Allah.
Almighty Allah caused a vine to grow to considerable length on him for protection. Then Allah Exalted caused Jonah to recover and forgave him. Allah told Jonah that if it were not for his prayers to him, he would remain in the stomach of the whale until the Day of Judgement.
Almighty Allah recounted: And, in truth, Jonah was one of the messengers. When he ran the ship full, he decided to cast lots and was among the losers, then a big fish swallowed him and who had done an act worthy of blame. If it were not for those who glorify Allah, he would in fact remained inside its belly (the fish) till the Day of Resurrection. But I cast out naked on the shore while he was sick and we had a plant of gourd to grow on him. We sent him a hundred thousand people or more, and they have believed, so we gave them enjoyment for a while ‘. (Ch 37:139-148 Quran).
Gradually he regained his strength and found his way to his hometown, Nineveh. It ‘was pleasantly surprised to see the change that had occurred there. The entire population turned out to welcome him. They informed me that he had turned to believe in Allah. Together they led a prayer of thanksgiving to their Merciful Lord.
Ibn Abbas said: “The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: ‘You should not say I’m better than Jonah Ibn Matta.'” (Sahih Bukhari).