Prophet Muhammad SAW
Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born in Mecca (Makkah), Arabia, on Monday, 12 Rabi ‘Al-Awal (2 August AD 570). His mother, Aminah, was the daughter of Ibn Abdu Manaf Wahb Zahrah family. His father, ‘Abdullah was the son of Abdul Muttalib. His genealogy was traced to the noble house of Ishmael, son of Prophet Abraham in about the fortieth descend. Muhammad’s father died before his birth.
Before he was six, his mother died, and the doubly orphaned Muhammad was put under the charge of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, who took care of him early. But the old chief died two years later. On his deathbed, told the son of Abu Talib load of young orphan.
When Muhammad was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle Abu Talib, a mercantile trip to Syria, and proceeded, as Busra. The journey lasted for some months. It was at Monaco that the Christian Busra Bahira met Muhammad. He is bound to have said to Abu Talib:. ‘Return with this boy and he warned against the hatred of the Jews, for a great career awaits your nephew ”
After this trip, the youth of Muhammad seems to have been passed without complications, but all authorities agree in attributing to him such correctness of manners and purity of morals as were rare among the people of Mecca. The right character and the honorable bearing of unobtrusive youth won the approval of the citizens of Mecca, and agreement was given the title of “Al Amin”, the faithful.
In his early years, Muhammad was not free from the cares of life. He had to watch the flocks of his uncle, who, like the rest of the Bani Hashim, had lost most of his wealth.
From youth to maturity, has led an almost solitary life. Lawlessness spread among the Meccans, the sudden outbursts of causeless and bloody quarrels among the tribes who attend the Fair Okadh (Olympia Arabic), and the immorality and skepticism of the Quraish, naturally caused feelings of pity and pain in the heart of the sensitive youth. Scenes of social misery and degradation were characteristic of an era religious depraved.
When Muhammad was twenty five years, he traveled once again to Syria as a factor in the noble and rich Quraishi widow named Khadijah, and after trying the same faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage. This marriage proved fortunate and singularly happy. Khadijah was much the elder of her husband, but despite the difference in age between them, the most tender devotion on both sides existed. This marriage gave him the loving heart of a woman who was always ready to console him in his despair and to keep alive in him the faint, flickering flame of hope when nobody believed in him and the world appeared gloomy in his eyes.
Until you reach 30 years of age, Muhammad was almost a stranger to the outside world. Since the death of his grandfather, the authorities in Mecca was divided among the ten senators who constituted the governing body of the Commonwealth Arabic. There was no agreement between them such as to ensure the security of individual rights and property. Though family relations afforded some degree of protection to citizens, but foreigners are often subjected to persecution and oppression. In many cases they were robbed, not only their goods but also their wives and daughters. On the initiative of the faithful of Muhammad, a league called the Federation of Fudul, that favors was revived with the aim of repressing lawlessness and defending every weak individual – whether Mecca or stranger, free or slave – against any evil or oppression to which it might be the victim in the territories of Mecca.
When Muhammad reached 35 years, he moved from his opinion, a serious dispute that threatened to plunge the whole of Arabia in a new series of her often recurring wars. In rebuilding the Sacred House of Ka’ba in AD 605, the question arose of who should have the honor of lifting the black stone, the most sacred relic of the house to its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honor. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their own arbitrator, the first man to enter by a gate course. The proposal was agreed, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad “Al-Amin.” His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each tribe to share the honor of taking possession of a part by lifting the curtain. The stone was then deposited in his place, and the reconstruction of the house was completed without interruption.
It is said that in this period, a certain Usman, Ibn Huwairith, supported by Byzantine gold, made an attempt to convert the territory of Hijaz into a Roman dependency, but the attempt failed, chiefly through the instrumentality of Muhammad.
These are almost all the public acts related by historians in which Muhammad took part in the first fifteen years of his marriage to Khadijah. Regarding his private life has always been described to be of help for the needy and the helpless. His uncle Abu Talib had fallen into distress through his endeavors to maintain the old position of his family. Muhammad, being rather rich at this time with his alliance with Khadijah, tried to cover part of the debt of gratitude and obligation which he owed to his uncle for the enterprise and education to bring the son of Ali ‘. A year later he adopted ‘Akil, another of the sons of his uncle.
Khadijah bore Muhammad three sons and four daughters. All the males died in childhood, but Ali Love ‘, has found much consolation.
About this time, Muhammad set a good example of kindness, which created a salutary effect on his people. His wife Khadijah had made a present of a young slave named Zaid Ibn Haritha, who had been brought as a captive to Mecca and sold to Khadijah. When Haritha heard that Muhammad possessed Zaid, he came to Mecca and offered a large sum for his ransom. To which Muhammd said: “Let Zaid to come here, and if he chooses to go with you, take him without ransom, but if it is his choice to stay with me, why should not I keep it ‘? Zaid, being brought into the presence of Mohammed said he would stay with his master, who treated him as if his only son. just heard this that Muhammad took Zaid by the hand and led him to the black stone of the Ka ‘ba, where it has publicly adopted as his son, whose father acquiesced and returned home satisfied. From now on, Zaid was called the son of Muhammad.
Muhammd was approaching his fortieth year, and his mind was always engaged in deep contemplation and reflection. Before him his country, bleeding and torn by fratricidal wars and intolerable dissension, its people, sunk in barbarism, employees observation of rituals and superstitions, were, with all their virtues desert, lawless and cruel. His two visits to Syria had opened to him a scene of unutterable moral and social desolation, rival beliefs and sects tearing each other to pieces, carrying their hatred to the valleys and deserts of Hijaz, and tearing of the common d ‘Saudi with their quarrels and bitterness.
For years after his marriage, Muhammad had been accustomed to isolating himself in a cave on Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca. To this cave he used to go for prayer and meditation, sometimes alone and sometimes with his family. There, he often spent whole nights in deep thought and profound communion with the Unseen yet All-Knowing Allah of the Universe. It ‘was during one of those in retirement and at the hour of the night, when no human sympathy was near, that an angel came to him to tell him that he was the Messenger of Allah sent to retrieve a fallen people to the knowledge and service of their Lord.
Compilers renowned authentic tradition of Islam agree to the following account of the first revelations received by the Prophet.
Muhammad would isolate themselves in the cave of Mount Hira and worship three days and three nights. He, when he wanted his family to return to Mecca and then back again, taking wihim the necessities of life. So he continued to return to Khadijah from time to time until one day the revelation came to him and the angel Gabriel (Jibril) appeared to him and said: “Read” But, as Muhammad was illiterate, having never received any education reading or writing, he said to the angel: “I’m not a player.” The angel took a hold of him and squeezed him than he could bear, and then said again: “Read!” Then the Prophet said: “I’m not a player.” The Angel again seized the Prophet and squeezed him and said: “Read in the name of your Lord who created (all that exists) has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) Read E! Your Lord is the most generous who taught (the writing) with the pen, taught man what he did not know. “(Ch 96:1-4 Quran).
Then the Prophet repeated the words with a trembling heart. He returned to Khadijah from Mount Hira and said: “Wrap me up Wrap Me Up!” She wrapped him in a garment until his fear was dissipated. He told Khadijah what had happened and that was becoming either a soothsayer or a lover of madness. She replied: “Allah forbid He certainly does not leave a thing happen, for you to tell the truth, you are faithful in trust, you bear the afflictions of the people you spend in good works what you gain in trade, you are hospitable and will assist your fellow man. Have you seen something awful? “Muhammad replied:” Yes, “and told her what he had seen. Whereupon, Khadijah said: “Rejoice, O dear husband and be cheerful man in whose hands lies the life of Khadijah testifies to the truth of this fact, that there will be the prophet of this people.”. Then he got up and went to his cousin Ibn Waraqa Naufal, who was old and blind and who knew the Scriptures of the Jews and Christians, and claims to have them translated into Arabic. When she told him what he had heard, he cried: “Holy Ghost In truth, this is the Namus (Holy Spirit) who came to Moses the prophet of his people will tell him that and give him! To be brave at heart .. . ‘When the two men met later in the street, the old blind student of Hebrew and Christian Scriptures spoke of his faith and confidence: “I swear by Him in Who hand Waraqa life is, Allah has chosen you to be the prophet of these people. They will call you a liar, they will persecute you, banish, and will fight against you. Oh, I could live in those days. I fought for them. “And he kissed her forehead.
The first vision was followed by a considerable period, during which Muhammad suffered much mental depression. The angel spoke to the grieved heart of hope and trust and the bright future when he saw people crowding the earth in the true faith. His fate has been explained to him, when, wrapped in profound meditation, melancholy and sad, he felt called by a voice from heaven to arise and preach. O you (Muhammad) enveloped (in garments)! Arise and warn! And your Lord (Allah) magnify! (Ch 74:1-3 Quran) He arose and is engaged in work for which it was called. Khadijah was the first to accept his mission. It was to believe in the revelations, to abandon the idolatry of his people and to join him in purity of heart and offer prayers to Allah the Almighty.
At the beginning of his mission, Muhammad – hereinafter called the Prophet – opened his soul only to those who were bound to him and tried to free them from the practices of their ancestors before. After Khadijah, his cousin Ali ‘was the next peer. The Prophet used often to go to the desert around Mecca with his wife and cousin with young people who could offer their heart felt thanks to the Lord of all nations for His manifold blessings. Once they were surprised by Abu Talib, father of ‘Ali. He told the Prophet: “O son of my brother, what is this religion you are following?” “And ‘the religion of Allah to His angels, messengers of his and our father Abraham,” replied the Prophet. “Allah sent me to his servants, to direct them to the truth, and thou, O my uncle, are the most worthy of all. It ‘that I would be calling on you and you meet that you should accept the truth and help to spread it. ”
Abu Talib replied: “Son of my brother, I can not abjure the religion of my fathers, but the Supreme Lord, while I’m alive, nobody will hurt you.” Then turning towards’ Ali, the venerable chief asked what was his religion. Ali replied: “O father, I believe in Allah and His Prophet and go with him.” Abu Talib replied: “Well my son, he does not call you for nothing but what is good, then you are free to go with him.”
After ‘Ali, Muhammad’s adopted son Zaid was converted to the new faith. It was followed by Abu Bakr, a leading member of the Quraysh tribe and an honest, wealthy merchant who enjoyed great consideration among his compatriots. It was only two years younger than the Prophet. The adoption of the new faith was of great moral effect. Soon after, five notables presented themselves before the Prophet and accepted Islam. Converts different even from the lower classes of the Arabs to adopt the new religion.
For three years longer tired, the Prophet worked very quietly to deliver his people from the worship of idols. Polytheism was deeply rooted among the people. It offered attractions, which the new faith in its purity did not possess. Quraish had personal material interests in the ancient cult, and their prestige depended on its maintenance. The Prophet had to contend with the idolatrous worship of his followers and to oppose the ruling oligarchy, which governed his fate.
After three years of constant struggle, but quiet, only thirty followers were secured. An important change now occurred in the relations of the Prophet with the citizens of Mecca. His compatriots had begun to doubt his sanity, thinking him crazy or possessed by an evil spirit. So far he has preached calm and discretion. He has now decided to appeal publicly Meccans, requesting them to abandon their idolatry. That’s why he organized a meeting on a nearby hill, and we spoke to them of their folly in the eyes of Allah in worship pieces of stone which they called their gods. He invited them to abandon their old impious worship and adopt the faith of love, truth and purity. He warned them of the fate that had overtaken the races from the past that they had heard the preaching of the prophets of the past. But the gathering departed without listening to the warning given them by the Prophet.
Having thus failed to persuade his countrymen to listen to him, turned his attention to foreigners who arrive in town in terms of commerce or pilgrimage. But the Quraish tried to frustrate his efforts. He hastened to meet the aliens before different routes, to warn them against holding any communication with the Prophet, who is represented as a magician dangerous. When the pilgrims or traders returned to their homes, bringing with them the news of the advent of the preacher was invited to brave the Arabs loudly – at the risk of his life – to abandon the worship of their idols, dear.
Now, the Prophet and his followers have been subjected to some persecution and humiliation. The hostile Quraish prevented the Prophet offer his prayers to the Sacred House of Ka’ba, but pursued him wherever he went, he and his disciples but covered with dirt and filth when engaged in their devotions, but the thorns scattered in places that frequented for devotion and meditation. Amid all these trials the Prophet did not waver. It was full of confidence in his mission, although on several occasions has been put in imminent danger of losing his life.
At this time Hamza, the youngest son of Abdul Muttalib, adopted Islam. Hamza was a distinguished man of courage, a warrior brave, generous and true, whose heroism earned for him the title of “Lion of Allah”. It ‘became a devout follower of Islam and Everlost his life for the cause.
The Prophet continued to preach to the Arabs in the most gentle and reasonable. He called thepeople, so accustomed to iniquity and mischief, to abandon their abominations. In burning words which excited the hearts of his hearers, he warned them of the punishment which Allah had inflicted upon the ancient tribes of ‘Ad who had obstinately disobeyed Thamud and the teachings of the messengers of Allah for them. We have averted the wonders of nature, the brightness of the noon day, by night when it spreads its veil, from the day it appears in glory, to listen to his warning before a similar destruction occurred. He spoke to them on the Day of Judgement, when their deeds in this world will be weighed before the eternal Judge, when children who had been buried alive will be asked for what crime have been put to death.
Allah the Almighty said: No, we ask that you came to them a Warner (Muhammad) from among themselves. So disbeliveers say: “This is a strange thing when we die and become dust (to be resurrected) This is a back lot?”. We know what the earth takes of them (their dead bodies), and with us is a book stored (for example, the Book of Decrees).
No, but they denied the truth (the Quran) when he came to them, so they are in a confused state (can not distinguish between right and wrong). They have looked at the sky above them, as we have done and decorated, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We scattered to the mountains and set about standing still, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants).
A vision and a reminder for every slave turning to Allah (ie he who believes in Allah and performs acts of his obedience, and always begs His pardon). And We blessed water down (rain) from the sky, then it is produced with gardens and grain (every kind of crops that are harvested). And tall date palms, clustered at a distance, a fund (Allah’s) slaves. We give life to a dead land with it. So it will be the resurrection (of the dead). Denied before them (ie pagans of Mecca who denied you, O Muhammad) the people of Noah, and the inhabitants of Rass, and Thamud, and ‘Ad and Pharaoh and the brothers of Lot, and the inhabitants of the forest, and the people of Tubba, each of them denied their Messengers, so My Threat took effect “(Ch 50: 2-14 Quran).
Almighty Allah also declared: All praises and thanks be to Allah who alone created the heavens and the earth, origin and darkness and light, but those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord. He is the One who created you from clay and then decreed a fixed period (for you to die). And with him there is another deadline (for you to be resurrected), but it is doubtful (the Resurrection).
And He is Allah (to be worshiped alone) in heaven and on earth, He knows what is hidden and what you reveal, and He knows what you earn (good or bad). And never an Ayah (sign) comes to them from the Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, but have been away from it.
In fact, they rejected the truth (The Qur’an and Muhammad) when it came to them, but there will come to him the news of that (the torment) which they used to mock. They have seen how many generations We destroyed before them who had established on earth, as we have established there? And we bestowed on them rain from the skies in abundance, and made the rivers below them. Yet we destroyed for their sins, and created after them other generations. “(Qur’an Ch 6:1-6)
As the number of believers increased and the cause of the Prophet was strengthened by the conversion of many citizens powerful preaching alarmed the Quraish of the Prophet. Their power and prestige were at stake. They were the custodians of the idols, which had threatened to destroy the Prophet, were the ministers, who denounced, in fact their existence and living wholly depended on the maintenance of the old institutions. The Prophet taught that the eyes of the Lord all human rights were the same, the only distinction recognized among them being the weight of their piety.
Allah the Exalted said: O mankind! We created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know one another. Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is that believer who has At Taqwa (one of Muttaqun, pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much, abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden), and Allah likes very much (perform all kinds of good deeds that he has ordered. Allah is Knower, Aware. “(Qur’an Ch 49:13).
Quraish would have none of this leveling of distinctions, as reflected on their long inherited privileges. Consequently, they organized a system of persecution in order to suppress the movement before it became firmly established. They decided that every family should take upon itself the task of stifling the new faith on the spot. Each family tortured its own members or adherents or slaves who were supposed to have linked up with the new religion. With the exception of the Prophet, which was protected by Abu Talib and his kinsmen, and Abu Bakr, and a few others who were either distinguished by their rank or possessed some influence among the Quraish, all other converts were subjected to different types of torture. Some of them were imprisoned, starved, and then whipped. The hill of Ramada and the place called Bata became scenes of cruel torture.
One day the Quraish tried to induce the Prophet to discontinue his teachings of the new religion, which he had sown discord among their people. ‘Ibn Rabi’a Utba, has been delegated to see the Prophet and speak with him. ‘Utba said: “O son of my brother, who are distinguished by your qualities, yet you have sown discord among our people and cast dissension in our families, who denounced our gods and goddesses of our ancestors and load Now we are wickedly. come and do a proposal for you, and I ask you to think carefully before saying no. “” I’m listening to you, O Father of Walid, “said the Prophet. “O son of my brother, if by this affair you intend to acquire riches, honor, and dignity, we are ready for you to collect a fortune largest is owned by one of us, we will make our head and do it. Nothing without If you want the domain, we will make our king, and if the demon that possesses can not be submitted, which will bring you doctors and give them riches until they cure. ” When ‘Utba had finished his speech, the Prophet said: “Now listen to me, O father of Walid.” “Listening”. I replied. The Prophet, recited to him the verses of Sura Fussilat first thirteen, maybe interpreted as follows: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Ha Mim (These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran, and none but Allah alone knows their meaning). A revelation of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. A book, the verses are explained in detail: – a Quran in Arabic for people who know. Give good tidings (of Paradise to those who believe in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and fears Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds that he ordered), and warning (of punishment in the Hellfire to be the one who does not believe in the unity ‘of Allah), but most of them turn away, so do not listen.
And they say: “Our hearts are under coverings (screened) from that to which they invite us, and our ears is deafness, and between us and you there is a screen, in order to work (on the way), actually We are working on (our way).
Say (O Muhammad): “I’m just a human being like you is inspired in me that your Ilah (God) is one Ilah (God – Allah), then take the right path to Him (with true Faith – Islamic Monotheism. ) and obedience to Him and seek forgiveness from him, and woe to Al-mushrikeen;. (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbeliveers in the Oneness of Allah, etc., those who worship others with or set up rivals or partners to Allah etc.) Those who do not give the Zakat and disbeliveers Hereafter Verily, those who believe (in the Oneness’ of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad -. Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds for them will be a reward without end that will never stop (Paradise).
Say (O Muhammad): “She does not really believe in Him Who created the earth in two days and set up rivals (in worship) with Him This is the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists) ?.
He put in it (the earth) firm mountains from above it, and He blessed it and measured therein its sustenance (for its inhabitants) in the same four days (all these four days were equal in the period of time) , for all those who ask (about its creation). Then Istawa (up from) towards the heaven when it was smoke and said to it and the earth. “Come you two willy-nilly” They both said: “We come, willingly.” He completed and finished from their creation as seven heavens in two days and has done in each heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). This is the decree of the One All Mighty, The All Knower.
If they turn away, then say (O Muhammad): “I have warned of a Sa’iqa (a scream terrible destruction, torment, hit, a thunder bolt) like that exceeded Sa’iqa ‘ad and Thamud ( people). “(Ch 41:1-13 Quran).
When the Prophet had finished his recitation, he said to ‘Utba: “This is my response to your suggestion, now take what course is best.”
Persecution by the Quraish grew fiercer every day and the sufferings of the Prophet’s disciples became unbearable. He had heard of justice, tolerance and hospitality of the neighboring Christian king of Abyssinia. We recommend such of his companions who were without protection to seek refuge in the kingdom of that pious king, Al Najashi (Negus). About fifteen members of Islam unprotected promptly availed themselves of the advice and sailed to Abyssinia. Here they met with a very kind reception from the Negus. This is called the first Hijrah (migration) in the history of Islam and occurred in the fifth year of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad, AD 615. These emigrants were soon followed by many of their fellow sufferers, until the number reached 83 men and eighteen women.
Hostile Quraish, furious at the escape of their victims, sent to the king of Abyssinia Refers to invite him to hand over the refugees, which could be put to death for adjuring their old religion and embracing a new one. The king summoned the poor fugitives, and asked them what was the religion, which had adopted in preference to their old faith. Ja’far, son of Abu Talib and brother of ‘Ali, acted as spokesman for the exiles. He spoke thus: “O King, we were immersed in the depths of ignorance and barbarism, we adored idols, we lived in concubinage, and we ate dead bodies, and we spoke abomination, we disregarded every feeling of humanity and sense of duty towards the our neighbors, and we knew no law but that of the strong, when Allah raised among us a man whose birth, truthfulness, honesty and purity were aware. He has called us to profess the Unity of Allah and there has taught to associate anything with him, forbade us the worship of idols and set us to tell the truth, to be faithful to our trusts, to be merciful, and to consider the rights of neighbors, which allowed us to speak evil of the cult of Allah and not to return to the worship of idols of woos and stone and to abstain from evil, to offer prayers, give alms, to observe fasting. We believed in him, we accepted his teachings and his injunctions to worship only Allah and to associate anything with him. So our people have persecuted us, trying to make us give up the worship of Allah and return to the worship of idols of wood and stone and other abominations. We have tortured and injured us until when, finding no safety among them, we have come to trust that your kingdom will give us protection from persecution. ”
After listening to the speech above, the hospitable king ordered the deputies to return to their people in safety and not to interfere with their fugitives. Thus the emigrants passed the period of exile in peace and comfort.
While the followers of the Prophet sought refuge in foreign lands against the persecution of his people, he continued his warnings to the Quraish more strenuously than ever. Again they came to him with offers of wealth and honor, which he firmly and utterly refused. But they made fun of him and urged the miracles to prove his mission. He used to say: “Allah has not sent me to work miracles, sent me to preach to you.”
So all power to decline the work of wonder, the Prophet never rested the truth of his divine mission on his wise teachings. He turned to the inner consciousness of man, his common sense and your best judgment. Say (O Muhammad): “I’m just a human being like you is inspired in me that your Ilah (God) is one Ilah (God-Allah), then take the right path to Him (with true Faith – Islamic Monotheism. ) and obedience to Him and seek forgiveness from him, and woe to the mushrikeen;. (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbeliveers in the Oneness of Allah, etc., those who worship others along with Allah or set up rivals or partners to Allah, etc.. (Ch 41:6 Quran)
Despite all the exhortation of the Prophet, the Quraysh continued to ask him a sign. They insisted that unless some sign be sent down to him from his Lord, they would not believe. The disbeliveers used to ask: “Why not Muhammad was sent with miracles like previous prophets” The ‘Prophet said. “Because miracles had proved inadequate to convince Noah was sent with signs and with what effect Where was the lost tribe of Thamud had refused to receive the preaching of the prophet Salih, unless you showed them? Sign and caused the rock to carry on living a camel. He did what they asked. In scorn they cut the feet of the camel and then daring the prophet to fulfill his threats to trial, were found dead in their beds the next morning, stricken by the angel of Lord “.
There are about seventeen points in the Qur’an that the Prophet Muhammad is called to work a sign, and they answered all the same or similar effect: Allah has the power to do miracles, and it was believed, there were more of any miracles of nature that can be beaten out of it, and the Koran itself was a great, eternal miracle. The Koran, the Prophet used to assert disbeliveers, is a book of blessings, that is a warning for the whole world, and is a complete guide explains everything you need, but it is a reminder of what is imprinted on human nature and is free from any discrepancies and errors and falsehoods. This is a book of true guidance and a light for all.
As for the sacred idols, so honored and esteemed by the pagan Arabs, the Prophet openly recited: They are but names you have named – you and your fathers – for which Allah has sent down no authority. (CH 53:23 Quran)
When the Prophet thus spoke reproachfully of the sacred of the Quraish, the latter doubled their persecution. But the Prophet, however, continued his preaching undaunted but the hostility of his enemies or by their bitter persecution of him. And despite all opposition and increased persecution, the new faith gained ground. The national fair Okadh near Mecca attracted many desert Bedouins and trading citizen of distant cities. They listened to the teachings of the Prophet, to his admonitions, and his denunciations of their sacred idols and their superstitions. They brought back all they had heard to their distant homes, and thus the advent of the Prophet was made known to almost all parts of the peninsula.
The Meccans, however, were more than ever to preach more and more furious of the Prophet against their religion. They asked his uncle Abu Talib to stop him, but he could not do anything. A, as the Prophet persisted in his ardent denunciations against their ungodliness and wickedness, it is revealed from the Ka’ba where he used to sit and preach, and then went in a body of Abu Talib. They urged the venerable chief to prevent his nephew from abusing their gods more or utter any bad words against their ancestors. They warned Abu Talib that if he would not have done, would be excluded from the communion of his people and driven to side with Muhammad, the question would then be settled by fight until one of the two parties were exterminated.
Abu Talib did not want to separate himself from his people, nor give his nephew for the idolaters to revenge on. He spoke to the Prophet very softly and begged him to abandon his affair. To this suggestion the Prophet firmly replied: “O my uncle, if you place in the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand due to give me my task, verily, I do not give up until Allah manifests its cause or the dead in the attempt. “The Prophet, overcome by the thought that his uncle and protector was willing to abandon it, he turned to leave. But Abu Talib called him loudly to come back, and he came. “Say what you like, because the Lord will never desert.”
Quraish again attempted in vain to cause Abu Talib to abandon his nephew. The venerable chief declared his intention to protect his nephew against any threat or violence. He appealed to the sense of honor of the two families of the Bani Hashim and Bani Muttalib, both families being kinsmen of the Prophet, to protect their members from falling victim to the hatred of rival parties. All members of the two families nobly responded to the appeal of Abu Talib, except Abu Lahab, an uncle of the Prophet, who took part with the persecutors.
During this period, ‘Umar al-Khattab adopted Islam. In him the new faith gained a valuable adherent and an important factor for the future development and propagation of Islam. Until now it had been a violent opponent of the Prophet and a bitter enemy of Islam. His conversion is said to have been worked by the miraculous effects in his mind of a sura of the Koran, that her sister was reading in his house, where he had gone with the intention of killing her for adopting Islam. So the party was strengthened by the Prophet’s uncle Hamza conversation, a man of great value and merit, and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, both men of great energy and reputation. The Muslims now ventured to perform their devotions in public.