Prophet Musa (Moses) As And Prophet Harun (Aaron) As
The pharaoh who ruled Egypt was a tyrant who oppressed the descendants of Jacob (peace be upon him), known as the Children of Israel (Bani Israel). He used every means to humiliate and disgrace them. They were kept in bondage and forced to work for him for a small or no salary. With this system the people obeyed and worshiped Pharaoh, and the ruling class carried out the orders, resulting in his tyranny and crazy whims.
The pharaoh wanted the people to obey him only, and to believe in the divinity of his own invention. Perhaps, at that time, there were many classes of people who did not believe in or practice polytheism, however, have kept this to themselves and outwardly did as they were supposed to do, without revolting or revealing it to anyone.
Thus, successive dynasties came to Egypt and assumed that they were gods or their representatives or spokesmen.
Years passed, and a despotic king, who was worshiped by the Egyptians, ruled Egypt. His king saw the children of Israel to multiply and thrive. He heard about them a vague vision that one of the sons of Israel ‘s could dethrone the pharaoh of Egypt. Perhaps this vision was only a daydream that persisted within the hearts of the persecuted minority, or maybe it was a prophecy from their books.
Another tradition says that it was Pharaoh himself who had the vision. Ibn ‘Abbas narrated: “Pharaoh saw in his vision of a fire, which was from Jerusalem and burned the houses of the Egyptians, and all Copts, and not to harm the children of Israel, when he awoke, he was horrified .. . He then gathered his priests and magicians and asked them to have this vision said: “This means that a child will be born by them and the Egyptian people will perish by the hands’. That is why Pharaoh commanded that all the sons of the sons of Israel be killed. ”
In both cases, this vision reached the ears of Pharaoh. He issued a decree to kill every male child to be born to the Israelites. This was carried out until the experts of economics said to Pharaoh: “The age of the children of Israel die and the young are slaughtered This will lead to their annihilation as a result, Pharaoh will lose the manpower of those who work for him .. , who enslaves, and their women, which exploits and ‘better regulate this procedure by initiating the following policy: males should be slaughtered .. in one year but spared to live the next year, “Pharaoh has found that the solution to be more economically secure.
Moses’ mother was pregnant with Aaron (peace be upon him) in a year that boys were spared, so she gave birth to the child publicly and safely. In the course of a year in which the boys would be killed, she gave birth to Moses (peace be upon him), so that his birth caused her much terror. He was afraid he would be killed, so she nursed him secretly.
Allah revealed: These are verses of the Book manifest (that makes clear truth from falsehood, good from evil, etc..) We recite to you some news of Moses and Pharaoh in truth, for a people who believe (those who believe in this Qur’an, and the Oneness of Allah). Verily, Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its seven people, weakening (oppressing) a group (the children of Israel) among them, killing their sons and letting their females live. In truth, it was the Mufsideen (those who commit great sins and crimes, oppressors, tyrants, etc.).
And we wanted to do a favor to those who were weak (and oppressed) in the country, and to make them rulers and make them heirs, and to establish on earth, and let Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts receive from them what they feared. And We inspired the mother of Moses, saying: “Suckle him (Moses), but when you fear for him, then thrown into the river and fear not, neither sorrow Verily We report to you, and make it.! Him one of the (Our) Messengers. ” (Ch 28: 2-7 Quran).
As soon as divine revelation, obeyed the call has finished the sacred and merciful. He was commanded to make a basket for Moses. She nursed him, put it in the trash, then went to the bank of the Nile and threw it into the water. The heart of her mother, the most merciful the world, grieved as a child fell into the Nile. However, she was aware that Allah was much more merciful to Moses than to her, that he loved him more than her. Allah was his Lord and the Lord of the Nile.
As soon as the basket touched the water of the Nile that Allah issued His command to the waves to be calm and gentle while carrying the child would one day be a prophet. She instructed her daughter to follow the course of the basket and to report to her. As the daughter followed the floating basket along the river bank, he found himself right in the palace grounds and saw what was unfolding before his eyes.
The basket came to rest on the riverbank, which skirted the king’s palace. The palace servants found the basket with the child and brought him to Pharaoh and his Queen. When the queen saw the beautiful child, Allah instilled in her a strong love for this child. Wife of Pharaoh was very different from Pharaoh. It was a disbeliever, he was a believer. It ‘was cruel, was merciful. He was a tyrant, was gentle and kind-hearted. It was sad because he was sterile and had hoped to have a child. Just holding the baby she kissed him.
Pharaoh was very surprised when he saw his wife hugging this baby to the breast. He was very astonished because his wife was weeping with joy, something that had never seen done before. She asked her husband: “Let me hold the baby and make him a son to us.”
Allah the Almighty said: So the house of Pharaoh picked him up, it could become for them an enemy and cause pain. Indeed! Pharaoh, Haman and their hosts were sinners. And the wife of Pharaoh said: “In support of his eyes for me and for you not to kill him, perhaps, perhaps a benefit to us, or we can take as a child ..” It is not perceived (the result of this). (Qur’an Ch 28:9)
The queen summoned a few wet nurses to suckle the baby Moses, but he would not take any of their breasts. The queen was in trouble and sent for more wet nurses. Moses’ sister was also worried, as his brother was without milk for a long time. Seeing the queen’s anxiety, she blurted out that he knew that he would file a mother suckling the child’s affection. They asked why he was following the floating basket. He said he did out of curiosity. His excuse seemed reasonable, so they believed. They ordered him to rush to take the woman was talking about. Even his mother was waiting with a heavy heart, worried about the fate of her child. Just then her daughter ran with the good news. Her heart lifted and she wasted no time to reach the palace.
Almighty Allah narrated: And the heart of the mother of Moses became empty (from every thought, except the thought of Moses). She was very near to disclose his (case, the child is his son), had we not strengthened her heart (with Faith), so that she can remain as one of the believers. And she said to his (Moses’) sister: “Follow him.” So she (his sister) watched him from a distant place in secret, even if not perceived.
And We had already forbidden (other) foster suckling mothers for him, until she (his sister came up and) said: “I live in a family that back for you, and sincerely do not take care of him in a good way? ”
So did I return to her mother, she could be happy, and that she might not grieve, nor convinced that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them do not know. (Ch 28:10-13 Quran)
When the child was put to the breast, he immediately started to suck. Pharaoh was astonished and asked: “?. Who are this child refused to take any other breast but yours”
If he had told the truth, Pharaoh would have known that the child was an Israelite and Moses was killed instantly. However, Allah gave her inner strength and she replied. “I am a woman of sweet milk and sweet fragrance, and no child rejects me” This answer pleased Pharaoh.
Fronward, has been named the hands of Moses. She continued to breast-feed him for a long time. When he was bigger and was weaned, she was granted the privilege of visiting him. Moses grew up in the palace of a prince.
And when he reached his full strength, and it was perfect (in manhood), we have about him Hukman (Prophecy, Judgement of business law) and religious knowledge (the religion of his forefathers, Islamic Monotheism). And so we did not reward Muhsineen (benefactors). “(Qur’an Ch 28:14)
Allah had granted Moses (as) good health, strength, knowledge and wisdom. The weak and oppressed turned to him for protection and justice.
A day in the capital, he saw two men fighting. One was an Israelite, who was beaten by the other, an Egyptian. Seeing Moses, the Israelites asked for help. Moses was involved in the dispute and, in a state of anger, struck a blow to the Egyptian, who died instantly. After realizing that he had killed a human being, Moses’s heart was full of deep sorrow, and immediately he begged Allah for forgiveness.
He was not going to kill the man. Pleaded with Almighty Allah to forgive him, and felt a sense of peace filled his whole being. Following Moses began to show more patience and sympathy towards people.
The day after I saw the same Israelite involved in another fight. Moses went to him and said: “.. She appears to be a contentious You have a new dispute with a person or another day” Fearing that Moses might strike him, the Israelite warned Moses: “Do you want to kill me as you killed the wretch yesterday ? ”
The Egyptian with whom the Israelite was fighting heard this remark and reported Moses to the authorities. Shortly thereafter, as Moses was passing through the city, a man approached him and warned him: “O Moses, the chiefs have taken counsel against you, You are to be tried and killed I advise you to run away …”
Moses knew that the penalty for killing an Egyptian was death. Allah said: And he entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and found two fighters, one of his party (his religion, by the sons of Israel), and one of his enemies. The man of his own party asked him for help against his foe, so Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: “This is Satan’s doing, verily, is a common enemy misleading.”
He said: “Verily my Lord, I’m offended, so forgive me.” Then he forgave him. Verily, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
He said: “My Lord, For that with which you favored me, I’ll never be a help for Mujrimeen (criminals, disobedient to Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.)!”
So he became afraid, looking for the city (waiting for what will be the result of his crime of killing), when suddenly, the man who had sought his help the day before, asked for his help again. Moses said to him: “Verily, you are a misleader plain!” Then, when he decided to seize the man who was an enemy of both, the man said: “O Moses And ‘your going to kill me as you killed a man yesterday, Your goal is simply to become a tyrant in? land, and not one of those who do good. ”
And there came a man running from the innermost part of the city. He said: “O Moses, verily, the chiefs are taking counsel with you to kill you, so indeed I am away for you to those who give sincere advice! ..”
So he escaped from there, looking around in a state of fear. He said: “My Lord save me from people who are Zalimeen (polytheists and wrong-doers)!” (Ch 28:15-21 Quran)
Moses left Egypt in a hurry without going to the Pharaoh’s palace or changing his clothes. Neither was prepared for the journey. He had a beast of burden upon which to ride, and he was not in a trailer. Instead, he just left the believer came and warned him of Pharaoh’s plans.
He traveled in the direction of the country of Midian, which was the nearest inhabited land between Syria and Egypt. His companion only in this hot desert was Allah, and his only provision was piety. There was one root of choosing to decrease your hunger. The hot sand burned the soles of the feet. However, fearing pursuit by Pharaoh’s men, he forced himself to continue. He traveled for eight nights, hiding during the day. After crossing the desert root, has reached a watering hole outside Midian where shepherds were watering their flocks.
Not just Moses reached the Midian that fell under a tree to rest. He suffered hunger and fatigue. The soles of the feet were as if they were worn from walking on hard sand and rocks and dust. He had no money to buy a new pair of sandals, nor to buy food or drinks. Moses noticed a group of shepherds watering their sheep. He went to spring, where he saw two young women preventing their sheep from mixing with others.
Moses felt that women needed help. Forgetting his thirst, he approached them and asked if he could help them in any way.
The older sister said: “We are waiting until the shepherds finish watering their sheep, then we will have our water.”
Moses asked again: “Why are you waiting for?”
The youngest: “We can not push men.”
Moses was surprised that women were shepherding, as only men were supposed to do. It’s hard work and tiring, and you have to stay alert. Moses asked: “Why are you ministry?”
The younger sister said: “Our father is old, his health is too poor for him to go outside to graze the sheep.”
Moses (peace be upon him) said: “I water the sheep for you.”
When Moses approached the water, he saw that the shepherds had put a rock on the mouth of the spring immense that it could be driven by ten men. Moses embraced the rock and lifted it from the mouth of the spring, the veins of the neck and hands standing out as he did. Moses was certainly strong. He watered their sheep and put the stone back in its place.
He sat down under the tree. At this moment he realized he had forgotten to drink. His stomach was sunken because of hunger.
Almighty Allah described this event: And when he got the water of Midian (Midyan) he found a group of men watering their flocks, and besides them he found two women who were holding back their flocks. He said: “What is your problem?” They said: “We can not water (our flocks) until the shepherds take their flocks and our father is a very old man.”.
So he watered their flocks for them, then turned back to shade, and said: “Verily my Lord, I need any good that You bestow on me” (Ch 28:22-24 Quran)
The girls returned home earlier than usual, which surprised their father. He reported the incident to the source that was why they had returned early. Their father sent one of his daughters to invite the stranger to his house. Tentatively, the woman approached Moses and delivered the message. “My father is grateful for what you have done for us. He invites you to our house so I can thank you personally.”
Moses welcomed this invitation and accompanied the girl to her father. Moses could see that they lived comfortably as a happy and peaceful. He introduced himself and told the old man on the misfortune that had struck him and forced him to flee Egypt. The old man comforted him: “Fear not, you have escaped from the unrighteous.”
Kind of behavior was noticed by his father Moses and his daughters. The man the king invited him to stay with them. Moses felt at home with this happy family, because they were friendly and feared Allah.
One of the daughters suggested to her father that he employ Moses, as he was strong and reliable. They needed someone like him, especially at the water hole, which was visited by ruffians.
The father asked how he could be sure of its reliability in such a short time. She said: “When I invited him to follow me to our house, he insisted that I walk behind him so that does not keep my form (to avoid sexual attraction).”
The old man was glad to hear that. Moses came and said. “Toone would like to get married daughters economy provided that you agree to work for me for a period of eight years’
This offer for Moses well, for being a foreigner in this country, would soon seek to shelter and work. Moses married the Midianite’s daughter and cared for the animals of the old, for ten long years.
Almighty Allah recounted: Then there came to him one of the two women, walking shyly. He said: “Verily, my father calls you might reward for having wet our flocks for us.” So when it came to him and tells the story, she said: “Fear not that you have escaped from people who are Zalimeen (polytheists and wrong-doers disbeliveers) ..” He said one of them (two women): “O my father, hire him in truth, the best of men for you to take the strength, confidence.” He said: “I’m going to marry one of my two daughters to you, provided you serve me for eight years, but if you complete ten years, will be a favor from you, but I will not place you. Under a difficulties. If Allah wants, I’ll find one of the righteous. “He (Moses) said:” This is established between me and you as the two terms I fulfill, there will be no injustice to me, and Allah is Surety over what we we say. ” (Ch 28:25-28 Quran)
Time passed, and lived in solitude away from his family and his people. This period of ten years has been important in his life. It ‘been a greater period of preparation. Certainly Moses’s mind was absorbed in the stars every night. He followed the sunrise and sunset every day. Have you thought about how to divide and plant and soil and appears thereafter. He contemplated water and how the earth is revived by it and flourishes after its death.
Of course, it was immersed in the Glorious Book of Allah, open to intuition and heart. He was immersed in the existence of Allah. All these became latent within him. The religion of Moses (pbuh) was the same as that of Jacob (peace be upon him), which was Islamic monotheism. His ancestor was Jacob (pbuh) the grandson of Abraham (peace be upon him). Moses (peace be upon him), then, was one of the descendants of Abraham (pbuh) and all the prophets who came after Abraham was one of the successors of Abraham. In addition to physical preparation, there was a similar spiritual preparation. It ‘been done in solitude, in the middle of the desert, and in places of pasture. Silence was his way of life, and solitude was his vehicle. Almighty Allah prepared for His prophet the tools he would need to bear right following the commands of Allah the Most High.
A day after the end of this period, a vague longing arose in the heart of Moses. He wanted to return to Egypt. It was fast and firm in making his decision, telling his wife. “Tomorrow I leave for Egypt,” his wife said to herself. “There are a thousand dangers in departing that have not yet been revealed.” However, she obeyed her husband.
Moses himself did not know the secret of quick and sudden decision to return to Egypt. After all, had fled from just ten years ago with a price on his head. Why would he go back now? He look forward to seeing his mother and brother? He thought of visiting Pharaoh’s wife who had grown up and who loved him like his mother?
Nobody knows what he has crossed the mind of Moses when he returned to Egypt. All we know is that a mute obedience to Allah’s destiny led him to make a decision and he did. These supreme destinies guided his steps towards a matter of great importance.
Moses left Midian with his family and traveled through the desert to reach Mount Sinai. There Moses discovered that he had lost his way. He sought Allah’s direction and was shown the right way. At nightfall they reached Mount Tur. Moses noticed a fire in the distance. “I take a firebrand to warm us.”
As he approached the fire, he heard a sonorous voice calling him: “. O Moses, I am Allah, the Lord of the Universe” Moses was bewildered and looked around. He again heard the strange voice. “And that is in you right hand, O Moses?”
Shivering, Moses said: “This is my staff on which I support, and with which I beat down branches for my sheep, and for which I find other uses.” (This question was asked so that the attention of Moses’ staff and will focus on preparing him for the miracle that had to happen. This was the beginning of the mission of Moses as a prophet, peace be upon him).
The same voice commanded: “Throw down your staff!” He did, and immediately the staff became a snake wriggling. Moses turned to run, but the voice again addressed him: “Fear not, grab it; We return to its previous state.” The snake changed back into its staff. Fear of Moses calmed down and was replaced by peace, because he realized he was witnessing the Truth.
Then, Allah ordered him to thrust his hand into his robe at the armpit. When he pulled out, the hand had a brilliant shine. Allah then commanded Moses: “You have two signs from thy Lord;. Go to Pharaoh and his chiefs, because they are a band of evil and have transgressed all limits”
However, Moses was afraid that he would be arrested by Pharaoh, so he turned to God, saying. “My Lord, I killed a man in their midst, and I fear that they will kill me”
Allah has guaranteed his safety and set your heart at rest.
Almighty Allah recounted this event: And there came to you the story of Moses? When he saw a fire, his family said: “Wait In truth, I saw a fire, perhaps I can bring some ‘brand, or burning it to find a guide to the fire.”
And when it came to the fire, was called by name! “O Moses, verily I am thy Lord, So take off your shoes, you are in the Sacred Valley, Tuwa And I have chosen you So listen …!. One that inspires you Truly I am of La ilaha illa Ana Allah (none has the right to be worshiped, but I), so worship Me and offer prayers perfectly, to be honest, my mind, the time has come – and my intention is to keep it hidden – that every person may be rewarded for what it strives So that he who does not believe in it (the Day of Resurrection, Judgement, Heaven and Hell, etc.), but follows his own lusts, divert. your will not perish. And what is that with his right hand, O Moses? ”
He said: “This is my stick, on which I lean, and with which I beat down branches for my sheep, and where do I find other uses.”
Allah said: “Cast down, O Moses!”
He threw it down, and lo! It was a snake, moving quickly.
Allah said: “Catching, and fear not, we shall return to its previous state, and press your right hand on your left, which will come out white and shining, and without any disease as another sign that we can show you some of Our Signs Major.
“Go to Pharaoh! Truth! He has transgressed (all bounds in disbelief and disobedience and behaved as an arrogant, and as a tyrant).”
Moses said: “O my Lord for me to open my chest (grant me self-esteem, satisfaction, and courage), and ease my task for me, and they lose the knot (the defect) from my tongue, (remove the incorrectness!. of my speech) that they understood my speech, and appoint for me a help from my family, Aaron my brother; increase my strength with him, and let him share my task (of conveying Allah’s message and prophecy ), and you may glorify you very much, and remember that much, in truth, you are one of us has ever Seer well. ”
Allah said: “You are granted your request, O Moses And in fact we have conferred a favor on you once before When We inspired your mother with what we have inspired, saying.” Put him (the baby) in Tabut (a box or a case or a case) and put it in the river (Nile), and then threw himself on the river shore, and there, an enemy of my enemy of his and his should take. ‘And I have endured with love from me, perhaps because you grew up under my eye, when your sister went and said:? “Do I make you see a nurse who ‘So I restored to your mother, that she might cool her eyes and she should not suffer. Then he killed a man, but we saved from a great distress and tried you with a heavy process. Then he stopped a number of years people witth of Midian. Then you came here according to the term which I ordained (for you), O Moses!
“And I Istana’tuka (chosen for my inspiration and My Message) for myself. Go you and your brother with My Ayat (proofs, lessons, verses, evidences, signs, revelations, etc.), and no, it is, slow down and become weak in my memory.
“Go ‘, both to Pharaoh, verily, he rebelled in disbelief and disobedience and behaved as an arrogant and as a tyrant. And speak to him gently, perhaps you may accept admonition or fear of Allah.”
They said: “We are afraid because our Lord the truth should not hasten to punish us or why they should not transgress all bounds against us.”
He (Allah) said: “Fear not, verily, I am with you two, then see and hear you guys go to him, and says.” In truth, we are messengers of thy Lord, so let the children of Israel go with us, not oppress them, indeed, we came with a sign from your Lord! And peace be upon him who follows the guidelines! In truth, it was revealed that the torment will be for those who deny (do not believe in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, etc.), and walks away ‘(from the truth, and obedience of Allah). “(Ch 20:9-48 Quran).
Moses (pbuh) and Aaron (pbuh) went together to Pharaoh and delivered their message. Moses spoke to him about Allah, His mercy and His Paradise and about the obligations of monotheism and His worship.
Pharaoh listened to Moses ‘speech’ with contempt. He thought that Moses was crazy because he dared to question his supreme position. Then he raised his hand and asked: “What do you want”
Moses said: “I want you to send the children of Israel with us.”
Pharaoh asked: “Why should I send them, as they are my slaves?”
Moses said: “They are the slaves of Allah, Lord of the Worlds.”
Pharaoh then asked sarcastically if his name was Moses. Moses said: “Yes.”
“Are you not the Moses that we have collected from the Nile as a helpless child? Not the Moses we have raised in this palace, who ate and drank from our provisions and our wealth of charity rain You are not the Moses who is a fugitive, the killer of an Egyptian man, if my memory serves me correctly? It is said that killing is an act of disbelief. Therefore, you were a disbeliever when you killed. You are a fugitive and you get to talk to me! What What were you talking about Moses, I forgot? ”
Moses knew that Pharaoh remember his past, his education, and its reception of the Pharaoh Pharaoh’s charity was a way of threatening him. Moses ignored his sarcasm and explained that it was a disbeliever when he killed the Egyptian, it’s just gone astray and Allah the Almighty had not yet given the revelation at that time. Pharaoh has hinted that he had fled Egypt because he was afraid of their revenge on him, even if the killing was an accident. He informed him that Allah had granted him forgiveness and made him one of the messengers.
Allah Almighty has revealed part of the dialogue between Moses (pbuh) and Pharaoh: Allah said:!. “No, they both go with Our signs, We shall be with you the truth, and when listening have come to Pharaoh, say:” We are the messengers of the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists), so to allow the children of Israel go with us. “”
Pharaoh said to Moses?. “We will bring into our midst like a child And you made to dwell many years of your life with us and you did your act that you did (the crime of killing a man) and you are one of the ungrateful.”
Moses said: “I did then, when I was an ignorant (as regards my Lord and his message) So I fled from you when I’m scared, but the Lord has granted me Hukman (religious knowledge, opinions on the right business .. and prophecy), and appointed me as one of the Messengers. And this is the past favor with which I reproach myself, and have enslaved the children of Israel. ”
Pharaoh said: “And what is the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?”
Moses replied: “Lord of heaven and earth, and all that is between them, if you try to convince with certainty.”
Pharaoh said to those around: “Do you hear what he says?”
Moses said: “Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!”
Pharaoh said: “Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a maniac!”
Moses said: “The Lord of the east and west, and all that is between them, but if you did understand!”
Pharaoh said: “If you choose a Ilah (god) other than me, I will definitely use among prisoners.”
Moses said: “Even if I bring you something manifest (and convincing).”
Pharaoh said: “Bring it on then, if you are truthful!” (Ch 26:16-31 Quran)