Prophet Noah (Nuh) As
He was Noah Ibn lamik, Mitoshilkh Ibn, Ibn Enoch, Ibn yard Mahlabeel Ibn Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, Ibn Adam the Father of Mankind (PBUH).
According to the history of the People of the Book, (refers to Jews and Christians, so called by Allah because they have received the Book of Revelation, Taurat, Zabur and Injeel. These names are translated ‘Torah, Psalms, and Gospels’ respectively, but the books that are extent are corrupt. of the revealed books, ONLY the Koran is exactly as it was revealed).
the period between the birth of Noah and the death of Adam was 146 years. (According to Genesis 5 (new Revised Standard Version), Noah was born 126 years after the death of Adam Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said. “The period between Adam and Noah was ten centuries.” (Sahih Bukhari, Noah was born 1056 years after Adam’s creation (or after leaving the Garden of Eden). Therefore, this hadith does not contradict the earlier statement by the People of the Book as it might first appear to do. The reader should keep in mind, however, that any statement or stories from people of the Scripture are not necessarily credible. This was taken from Genesis 5).
For many generations of Noah people were worshiping statues that they called gods. They believed that these gods would bring them good, protect them from harm and provide all their needs. They gave their names as idols Waddan, Suwa’an, Yaghuth, and Ya’auga Nasrani (These idols represented, respectively, the masculine potency, the changeability, the beauty, brute force, speed, keen eyesight, the insight ) according to the power they thought these gods possessed.
Allah revealed: “They (idolaters) have said:” Do not leave your gods, nor leave you Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth nor Ya uq nor Nasr (names of idols) “(CH 71: 23. Quran).
Originally these were the names of good people who had lived in their midst. After their deaths, statues of them were erected to keep alive their memory. After some time, however, people began to worship these statues. Later generations did not even know why they had been erected, but only knew their parents had prayed for them. Here’s how idol worship developed. Since they had no knowledge of who Allah punish them for their evil deeds, they became cruel and immoral.
Ibn Abbas said: “Following the death of those righteous men, Satan inspired their people to erect statues in places where they used to sit They did, but these statues were not worshiped until future generations deviated from the straight path of. life. Then they worshiped as their idols. ”
In his version, Ibn Jarir narrated:. “There were just people who have lived in the period between Adam and Noah who were followers who held them as models after their death, their friends who used to emulate them said: ‘If we make statues of them, will be more pleasant for us in our worship and will remind us of them. ‘So they built statues of them, and, after they had died and others came after them, Iblis crept into their minds saying:’. your ancestors who worshiped their , and through worship that have received rain ‘adored them. ”
Ibn Abi Hatim related this story: “Waddan was a righteous man who was loved by his people at his death, retired to his grave in the land of Babylonia and were overwhelmed by sadness When Iblis saw their sorrow caused by his death, .. disguised himself as a man saying: ‘I saw your pain because of the death of this man, I can make a statue like him which could be made in your meeting place to make you remember?’ They said: ‘Yes’.
So did the statue like him. They put him in their meeting place to remember him. Iblis when he saw their interest to remind him, he said, ‘Can I build a statue of him in the house of every one of you so that he would be in the house all you could remember?’
They agreed. Their children learned about and saw what they were doing. They also learned about their memories of him instead of Allah. So the first one to be worshiped instead of Allah Waddan, who named the idol. ”
The essence of this point is that every idol from those mentioned above was adored by a certain group of people. It ‘been said that people made of sand image as the centuries passed they made these pictures into statues, so that their shape can be fully recognized, they were later worshiped except Allah.
It ‘was narrated that Umm Umm Habibah Salmah and told Allah’s Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) about the church “Maria”, which they saw in the land of Abyssinia. They described its beauty and the images in it. He said: “These are the people who build places of worship on the grave of every dead man who was right and then make those images in it Those are the worst of Allah’s creation.”. (Sahih al-Bukhari).
To worship something other than Allah is a tragedy that not only translates into loss of freedom, its serious effect reaches man’s mind and destroys it as well. Allah Almighty has created man and his mind with his set aim the attainment of knowledge of the most important of which is that Allah alone is the Creator and all that are faithful (slave). Therefore, disbelief in Allah, or polytheism, results in loss of freedom, the destruction of the mind, and the absence of a noble purpose in life. (To worship something other than Allah, man becomes a slave to Satan, who is himself a creature and becomes harnessed to his own lower quality).
In this environment Allah sent Noah with His message to his people. Noah was the only intellectual not caught in the vortex of destruction that was caused by human polytheism.
Allah is His Mercy sent His messenger Noah to guide his people. Noah was an excellent speaker and a very patient man. He said to his people the mysteries of life and the wonders of the universe. He pointed out that the night is regularly followed by the day and that the balance between these opposites have been designed by Allah the Almighty for our good. The night gives coolness and rest while the day gives warmth and awakens activity. The sun encourages growth, keeping all plants and animals alive, while the moon and the stars help the timing, direction and seasons. He stressed that the ownership of the heavens and the earth belongs only to the Divine Creator.
Therefore, he explained to this people, there may have been more than a deity. He explained them as the devil had deceived them for so long and that it was time to stop this deception. Noah spoke to them of Allah’s glorification of man, as he had created and provided him with sustenance and the blessings of a mind. He told them that idol worship was a suffocating injustice to mind. He warned them not to worship anyone but Allah, and Allah has described the terrible punishment inflicted if they continued in their evil ways.
The people listened in silence. His words were a shock to their stagnating minds as it is a shock to a person who sleeps under a wall that is about to fall, which is vigorously awakened. This person may also be alarmed and angry even if the goal was to save it.
Noah’s people were divided into two groups after his warning. His words touched the hearts of the weak, the poor and the miserable and soothed their wounds with its mercy. As for the rich, the strong, the powerful and the rulers have regarded with distrust the warning cold. They believed that it would be better if things remained as they were. So they started their war of words against Noah.
First they accused Noah of being only a human being like them. ‘The leaders of disbeliveers among his people said: “We see you, but a man like us.'” (Qur’an Ch 11:27) But he never said anything different from that. He said that, in fact, it was just a human being, Allah had sent a human messenger because the earth winhabited by humans. If it had been inhabited by angels Allah would have sent an angelic messenger.
The contest between the polytheists and Noah continued. rulers had thought at first the call of Noah would soon fade away by itself. When they discovered that his call attracted the poor, the helpless and common laborers, they started attacking and verbally taunt him: ‘You are only followed by the poor, the meek and the value’.
Allah the Almighty told us: “Indeed We sent Noah to his people (said):” I come to you as a plain Warner that you worship none but Allah, surely I fear for you the retribution of a painful Day. “The disbeliveers leaders among his people said: “We see you, but a man like us, nor see any follow, but the meanest among us and they too were followed without thinking. And I do not see in you any merit above us in fact believe that they are liars. “(CH 11:25-27).
So the conflict between Noah and the leaders of his people intensified. The disbeliveers tried to bargain: “Listen to Noah, if you want us to believe in you, then dismiss your believers are meek and poor, while they are elite and rich, with no faith c an include both.”. Noah listened to the heathens of his community and realized they were stubborn. However, he was gracious in his response. He explained to his people that he could not dismiss the believers as they were not his guests but Allah.
Noah’s appeal to them: “O my people I ask you no wealth for it, my reward is none but Allah I’m not going to dismiss those who believed Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but .. I see you are a people who are ignorant. O my people, who will help me against Allah if I drove? Do not want to then give a thought? And do not tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, and I know the unseen, nor do I say I’m an angel, and I do not say what your eyes look down that Allah will not give anything good on them. Allah knows what is in their hearts (with respect to beliefs). In this case, I should indeed be one of Zalimeen (wrongdoers, etc. oppressors). “(Ch 11:29-31 Quran)
Noah refuted the arguments of disbeliveers with knowledge of the noble prophets. It is the logic of the intellect, which is free of personal pride and interests.
The rulers were tired of Noah’s arguments. Allah related their attitude: They said: “O Noah, you played with us and both have prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are truthful.” He said: ” Only Allah will bring it (the punishment) on you, if you want, and then it will not escape And my advice will not profit, even if I want to give you advice, if the will of Allah is to maintain. astray. He is your Lord and to Him you shall return. “(Ch 11:32-34 Quran)
The battle continues, the arguments between disbeliveers and Noah became prolonged. When all the refutations of disbeliveers collapsed and had nothing to say, they began to be rude and insulting the prophet of Allah: ‘The leader of his people, he said. “In truth, we can see plain wrong” (Qur’an Ch 7:60)
Noah responded in the way of the prophets: “O my people, There is no error in me, but I am a messenger of the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists) I express to you the messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from Allah what you do not know. “(Qur’an 7:61-62 CH)
Noah called upon his people continued to believe in Allah hour after hour, day after day, year after year. Warned his people and called them to Allah day and night, secretly and openly. He gave them examples, explained the signs of Allah and Allah’s shown the ability in the formation of his creatures. But every time I called them to Allah, they ran away from him. Whenever he urged them to ask Allah to forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears and became too proud to hear the truth.
Allah Almighty related what Noah faced: Verily We sent Noah to his people, saying. “Warn your people before it comes to them a painful punishment”
He said: “O my people the truth, I’m just a Warner to you, that you should worship only Allah is a duty to obey Him and me, He (Allah) will forgive you your sins and extension of a deadline! . In truth, the word of Allah, when it comes, can not be delayed, if ye but knew. ”
He said: “O my Lord In truth, I called my people night and day (secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism), but all my calling added nothing but the truth of their escape from the truth every time I called!.! to those who could forgive them, they thrust their fingers in their ears, covered themselves with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and became bigger pride Then verily, I will called openly (aloud). Then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I appealed to them in private, I told them, ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord: Verily, He is Forgiving Often, he will send rain to you in abundance, and you increase in wealth and children, and give you gardens and bestow on you rivers. ”
What is your problem, do not fear Allah (the punishment), and no hope for reward from Allah or not to believe in their uniqueness. While he has created in several phases. (Ch 23:13-14 Quran)
See you not how Allah created seven heavens one above the other, and made the moon a light in it and the sun a lamp? And Allah has taken away the dust of the earth. Then he returns to it (the earth), and put off (again, on the Day of Resurrection) Allah has made for you spread the earth (a stretch) that you can go there on roads wider.
Noah said: “My Lord I have disobeyed him, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only loss have drawn a strong storyline They said: .. ‘That will not leave your gods and do not leave Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth or ya’uq nor Nasr (names of idols). in fact, have led many astray. O Allah! no increase in the Concession Zalimeen (polytheists, wrongdoers, and disbeliveers etc.) save error. ”
Because of their sins they were drowned, then were ushered into the fire and found no one to help them instead of Allah. (Ch 71:1-25 Quran).
Noah continued to call his people to believe in Allah, for 950 years. Allah the Almighty said: Indeed We sent Noah to his people and he remained among them a thousand years less fifty years (inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and discard the false gods and other). (Ch 29:14 Quran)
And ‘success that each generation does not believe the success warned Noah and to wage war against him. The father used to teach his children on the issue that was between him and Noah and the Board to reject his call when he reached adulthood. Their natural disposition to believe and refused to follow the truth.
Noah saw that the number of believers is increasing, while that of disbeliveers was. It was sad for his people, but has never reached the point of despair.
It was a day when Allah revealed to Noah that no one would believe him. Allah inspired him not to cry for them the point that Noah prayed that the disbeliveers be destroyed. He said: “My Lord will not leave one of disbeliveers If you leave them on the ground, they will mislead Your slaves and they will generate no evil, but disbeliveers! ..” (Ch 71:27 Quran)
God accepted the prayer of Noah. The case was closed, and spent his opinion on disbeliveers in the form of a flood. Allah has ordered the faithful to Noah to build an ark with His knowledge and instructions and with the help of angels. Almighty Allah commanded: “And construct the ship under Our eyes and Our inspiration and address me, not on behalf of those who did wrong, but they are surely to be drowned.” (Qur’an Ch 11:37)
Noah chose a place out of town, away from the sea. He collected wood and tools and began to day and night to build the ark. Mockery of the people continued: “O Noah carpentry appeals to you more Why build an ark of prophecy, so far from the sea you going to drag in the water or the wind is going to carry it for you!?” Noah said: “You will know who will be covered with shame and suffering.”
Allah the Almighty narrated: As he was building the ship, when the leaders of his people passed by him, have made a mockery of him. He said: “If you mock us, so we laughed at you too for your mocking And you will know who is who will come a torment that covers him with shame and who will fall a lasting torment.”. (Ch 11:38-39 Quran)
The ship was built, and Noah sat waiting for the command of Allah. Allah revealed to him that when water miraculously gushed out of the oven at the home of Noah, which would mark the beginning of the flood, and the sign of Noah to act.
The terrible day arrived when the oven at Noah’s house overflows. Noah hurried to open the ark and summon the believers. He also took with him a pair, male and female, of all types of animals, birds and insects. Seeing him take these creatures to the ark, the people laughed loudly: “Noah must have gone out of his mind that he is going to do with animals?”
Almighty Allah narrated: So it was up to then there was our command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of every kind two (male and female), and your family, but only one against whom the Word has already gone, and those who believe.” And no one believed him except a few. (Qur’an Ch 11:40)
Noah’s wife was not a believer with him, so she did not join him, nor did one of the sons of Noah, who was secretly a disbeliever but had pretended faith in front of Noah. Similarly, most people were disbeliveers and not get on board.
Scholars have different opinions on the number of those who were with Noah on the ship. Ibn Abbas said there were 80, while Ka ab believers to Ahbar found that there were 72 believers. Others argue that there were 10 believers with Noah.
Water rose from the cracks in the earth, there was a rift from which the water has not increased. Rain fell from the sky in quantities never before seen on earth. Pouring the water continued rising from cracks in the sky, hour after hour the level rose. The sea and the waves invaded the land. The interior of the earth, moved in a strange way, and the ocean floors lifted suddenly, flooding the land. The earth, for the first time was submerged.
Allah has told the story thus: He (Noah) said: “. Embarking in it in the name of Allah will be its moving course and its resting anchorage Surely, my Lord is he ever Forgiving, Merciful.” so that (the ship) sailed with them in the waves like mountains, and Noah called his son, who had separated himself (apart), “O my son! Do not be with us and with the disbeliveers”. The son replied: “I go to a mountain, save me from the waters.” Noah said: “This day there is no savior from the Decree of Allah except him whom He has mercy.” And a wave came between them so that he (the son) was among the drowned.
He said: “O earth swallow the water and sky or anonymous (your rain).” The water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (the destruction of the people of Noah). It (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: “Enough with the people who are Zalimeen (polytheists, and evil deeds)”
Noah called upon his Lord and said: “O my Lord! In truth, my son is of my family! Of course, your promise is true, and Thou art the most just of judges.” He said: “O Noah Sure, your family is not, in truth, his work is unfair, so do not ask me what you do not know I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorant.”
Noah said: “O my Lord, I seek refuge with you from asking you what I did not know and unless you forgive me and have mercy on me, I would really be a loser! ..”
He said: “O Noah Get off (the ship) with peace from Us and blessings on you and the people o \ I’m with you (and some of their descendants), but (there will be other) people to whom We grant their pleasures (for a time), but eventually they reached a painful chastisement from us. ” (Ch 11:41-48 Quran)
With the issue of divine command, calm returned to earth, the water retreated, and the dry land shone once again in the rays of the sun. The flood had cleansed the land of disbeliveers and polytheists.
Noah released the birds, and jokes scattered throughout the earth. After that the believers disembarked. Noah put his forehead on the ground in prostration. The survivors kindled a fire and sat around it. Light the fire had been prohibited on board so as not to ignite the wood of the ship and burn it. None of them had eaten hot food during the entire period of the plan. After landing there was a fast day, thanks to Allah.
The Quran draws the curtain on the story of Noah. We do not know how his affairs with his people continued. All we know or can ascertain is that on his deathbed he asked his son to worship Allah alone, Noah then disappeared.
Ibn Abdullah Ibn Al Amru as narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “When the death of the Messenger of Allah, Noah approached, the admonished his sons: ‘Indeed I would like to give comprehensive advice, commanding to make 2 things, and cautioned to do 2 things as well. I believe that charging there is no god but Allah and that if the seven heavens and seven earths were put on one side of a scale and the words ‘there’ is no god but Allah “were put on the other, they would have passed the first. I warn against associating partners with Allah and against pride.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)
Some traditions said that his tomb is the mosque in Mecca Scared, while others said it was buried in Baalabak, a city in Iraq.