What Is Islam?
Why is this question important? Because our perception of Islam will dictate how we practice Islam. There are berbendapat Islam is built upon five cases, based on the hadith below:
“Islam is founded on five cases that bear witness that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establish regular Prayer, issued alms, pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in the month of Ramadan”. (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
People who understand Islam are the five cases, he will practice in accordance with his understanding. He will only do the creed, prayer, Zakat, Hajj and fasting Ramadan. He’ll feel pretty when it was the practice of these five cases, and did not see the rest anymore. Many Muslims today are trapped in the understanding of Islam like this. There is even a famous spiritual training with tickets millions of dollars that makes the idea of Islam as the main principles of the five cases they were.
In ancient times, parents often teach their children that Islam is the dawn, noon, Asr, Maghrib and evening. Again, many Muslims who understand Islam like this, then the practice was limited to his understanding, not more.
For some Muslims the other, so they do not even understand its what Islam actually is. Islam for them like a shadow that blurred and unclear, which is only collected from various bits of information, they take a modest and sesempatnya alone, amid their busy looking for money of course. And guess what, they just messed up the practice of Islam with their understanding.
So what is wrong with the Islamic understanding of the above? Often they (or the person they refer to it) to formulate propositions of Islam from the fragment (sources of Islamic law) alone. For example Hadith “Islam is founded on five cases” above. Although textually declared “Islam is founded on …” or “Islam is built on …”, limiting the understanding of Islam is only one proposition is a very reckless act. Actually the phrase “Islam is founded on …” or “Islam is built upon …” can not be used as a reference that the text provides a valid definition of Islam. Sentences are more precise terms of the style (balaghah), rather than a valid definition formula.
Just as the Hadith below:
“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest the End”. (Narrated by Bukhari)
Are we going to say, the only consequence of believers is to glorify human guests? Of course not. There are still many other obligations that must be accomplished by a man of faith. Again, the sentence in the above hadith rather viewed in the context of a style that emphasizes the importance of honor guests.
What then is Islam?
After collecting all the arguments, both from Al-Quran atapun Sunnah, can be formulated that Islam is a set of beliefs (faith) and action (charity). In other words, Islam is a religion that contains a bunch of things that must be believed, as well as things that must be practiced.
For example, in the Koran there are verses which requires every Muslim to believe certain things:
“O you who believe, keep faith in Allah and His Messenger and the Book of Allah revealed to His Messenger, and the book of Allah revealed before. Those who disbelieve in Allah, His angels, books- Him, His Messengers, and days later, then surely that person has lost far, far away. ” [4:136]
In some other verses that requires each Muslim to practice certain things:
“And establish prayer and pay the poor. And whatever good ye for yourselves, ye will find his reward with Allah. Indeed Alah’s Seer of what ye do.” [2:110]
“O ye who believe, fasting obligatory upon you as required above those before you, that ye may be righteous.” [2:183]
“O ye who believe! Qishaash obligatory upon you with respect to those who were killed.” [2:178]
“Prescribed for you to war, but war it is something that you hate. Perhaps you hate something, but he is very good for you, and may be (too) ye love a thing, but it is very bad for you, God knows, and ye know not . ” [2:216]
And there are many scattered various arguments from the Quran and Sunnah, all of which can be categorized into two groups: things that must be believed (faith) and things to do (charity).
Even many of the verses of the Koran, which textually couple of faith and charity as a whole are inseparable:
“And those who believe and work righteousness, they were people of Paradise to dwell therein.” [2:82]
“Allah has promised those who believe and work righteousness, (that) for their forgiveness and great reward.” [5:9]
“If these countries if people believe and fear Allah, surely We will be bestowed upon them blessings from the heavens and the earth, but they rejected (our signs), then We seized them for their deeds.” [7:96]
“And Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will indeed make them rule the earth as He made those before them, and indeed He will establish for their religion that has blessed him to them, and He will actually swap the (state of) them, after they were in fear of being safe Sentausa. They still worship Me with nothing to associate anything with Me. And whoever that is (still) infidel after (a promise), then they are the ones who rebel. ” [24:55]